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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Pearl Millet Diseases: Table 1

Pearl Millet Diseases

Table 1. A quick reference to the infectious diseases of pearl millet


Disease Pathogen Attributes*


Bacterial diseases
Bacterial leaf streak Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel) Dowson pv. pennamericanum
Bacterial leaf stripe Pseudomonas avenae Manns 1
Bacterial spot Pseudomonas syringae van Hall 1, 2
Unnamed bacterial disease Pantoea agglomerans (Ewing & Fife)

Fungal diseases
Bipolaris leaf spot Bipolaris setariae (Saw.) Shoem 1, 2
Cercospora leaf spot Cercospora penniseti (Chupp) 2
Curvularia leaf spot Curvularia penniseti (Mitra) Boedijn 1, 2
Dactuliophora leaf spot Dactuliophora elongata Leakey
Downy mildew Sclerospora graminicola (Sacc.) Schroet.
Plasmopara penniseti Kenneth & Kranz.
Drechslera leaf spot Drechslera dematioidea (Bubak & Wroblewski) Subram. & Jain 1, 2
Ergot Claviceps fusiformis Loveless
Claviceps africana Frederickson, Mantle & de Milliano
1
1
Exserohilum leaf blight Exserohilum rostratum (Drechs.) K.J. Leonard & E.G. Suggs 1, 2
False mildew Beniowskia sphaeroidea (Kalchbr. & Cke.) Mason
Head mold Various fungi 1, 2
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum Tode ex Fr. 1
Phyllachora leaf spot Phyllachora penniseti Syd.
Phyllosticta leaf blight Phyllosticta penicillariae Speg. 1, 2
Pyricularia leaf spot Pyricularia grisea (Cke.) Sacc 1, 2
Rhizoctonia blight Rhizoctonia solani Kühn
Rhizoctonia zeae Voorhees
2
2
Rust Puccinia substriata Ell. & Barth. var. indica Ramachar & Cumm. 2
Seedling blight Various fungi 1, 2
Smut Moesziomyces penicillariae (Bref.) Vanky 1, 2
Southern blight Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. 2
Top rot Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon 1, 2
Zonate leaf spot Gloeocercospora sorghi Bain & Edgerton 1, 2

Viral diseases
Black-streaked dwarf virus
Guineagrass mosaic virus
Indian peanut clump virus 1
Maize dwarf mosaic virus
Maize streak virus
Panicum mosaic virus 2
Satellite panicum mosaic virus 2
Wheat streak mosaic virus 2

Nematode diseases
Burrowing nematode Radopholos similis (Cobb) Thorne
Cyst nematode Heterodera gambiensis Merny & Netscher
Dagger nematode Xiphinema americanum Cobb 2
Lance nematode Hoplolaimus indicus Sher
Panagrolaimus nematode Panagrolaimus spp. 1
Ring nematode Criconemella ornata (Raski) Luc & Raski 2
Root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid & White) Chitwood
Meloidogyne javonica (Treub.) Chitwood
Meloidogyne arenaria (Neal) Chitwood
2
2
2
Root-lesion nematode Pratylenchus mulchandi Nandakumar & Khera
Pratylenchus brachyurus (Godfrey) Filipjev & Sch. Stekh.
Pratylenchus zeae Graham
2
2
2
Sting nematode Belonolaimus longicaudatus Rau 2
Stubby-root nematode Paratrichodorus minor (Colbran) Siddiqi 2
Stunt nematode Tylenchorhynchus vulgaris Upadhyay
Tylenchorhynchus phaseoli Sethi & Swarup
Tylenchorhynchus zeae Sethi & Swarup

Parasitic flowering plants
Witchweed Striga hermonthica Benth.
Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze

* 1, potentially seedborne; 2, endemic to United States on pearl millet.

United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service

The material on this page is in the public domain.

Original posting: June 5, 1999.

Last Modified: 2/6/2002