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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Blind Seed Disease: References

Blind Seed Disease

References

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Alderman, S.C. 1991b. Distribution of Claviceps purpurea, Gloeotinia temulenta, and Anguina agrostis among grasses grown for seed in Oregon in 1989. Journal of Applied Seed Production 9:44–48.

Alderman, S.C. 1992. Influence of temperature and moisture on growth of Gloeotinia temulenta and infection of annual ryegrass. Phytopathology 82:196-200.

Alderman, S.C. 1996. Occurrence of Gloeotinia temulenta on tall fescue in Oregon. Plant Disease 80:105.

Alderman, S.C. 1997. Gloeotinia temulenta and G. granigena, two separate species. Mycologia 90:422-426.

Alderman, S.C. 1999. Recent occurrence and potential development of blind seed disease in Oregon. Journal of Applied Seed Production 16:7-10.

Anonymous. 1948. Research into blind seed disease of ryegrass. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 77:609-612.

Anonymous. 1955. Blind seed disease of ryegrass. In Report of the Waite Agricultural Research Institute, 1954-1955, University of Adelaide, South Australia, p. 29. Griffen Press, Adelaide, Australia.

Anonymous. 1962. New plant diseases. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 73:535-538.

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Baral, H.O., and G.J. Krieglsteiner. 1985. Bausteine zu einer askomyzeten-flora der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: in süddeutschland gefundede inoperculate diskomyzeter -- mit taxonomischen, ökologischen, chorologischen hinweisen und einer farbtafel. Zeitschrift für Mykologie 6:1-226.

Blair, I.D. 1947. Ryegrass blind seed disease. Canterbury Chamber of Commerce Agricultural Bulletin 210.

Blair, I.D. 1948. The elimination of ryegrass blind-seed disease. In Proceedings of the Tenth Conference of the New Zealand Grassland Association, Christchurch, November 23-24, 1948, pp. 8-9. New Zealand Department of Agriculture for the New Zealand Grassland Association.

Blair, I.D. 1952. Plant disease survey. In 26th Annual Report, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, p. 81. K.E. Owen, Government Printer, Wellington, New Zealand.

Boudier, E. 1907. Historie et Classification des Discomycetes d’Europe. Librairie des Sciences Naturelles, Paris.

Calvert, E.L., and A.E. Muskett. 1944. Blind seed disease of rye-grass. Nature 153:287-288.

Calvert, E.L., and A.E. Muskett. 1945. Blind seed disease of rye-grass (Phialea temulenta Prill. & Delacr.). Annals of Applied Biology 32:329-343.

Chestnutt, D.M.B. 1958. Susceptibility of perennial ryegrass to blind seed disease. Journal of the British Grassland Society 13:275-278.

Corkill, L. 1952. Breeding for resistance to blind seed disease (Phialea temulenta, Prill. & Delacr.) in ryegrass (Lolium sp.). In Proceedings of the 6th International Grassland Congress, August 17-23, 1952, pp. 1578-1584. Pennsylvania State College, State College.

Corkill, L., and R.E. Rose. 1945. Observations on susceptibility of perennial rye-grass to blind-seed disease. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 27:14-18.

Cunningham, G.H. 1940. Plant disease investigations. In 14th Annual Report, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, p. 18. E.V. Paul, Government Printer, Wellington, New Zealand.

Cunningham, G.H. 1941. Plant disease investigations. In 15th Annual Report, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, p. 24. E.V. Paul, Government Printer, Wellington, New Zealand.

Cunningham, I.J. 1958. Non-toxicity to animals of ryegrass endophyte and other endophytic fungi of New Zealand grasses. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 1:489-497.

de Filippi, J.M., J.G. Hampton, M.P. Rolston, and J.S. Rowath. 1996. Effect of nitrogen and irrigation on blind seed disease in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) cv. Grasslands Nui. Journal of Applied Seed Production 14:81-83.

Dennis, R.W.G., and E.G. Gray. 1954. A first list of fungi of Zetland (Shetland). Transactions and Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh 36:214-223.

de Tempe, J. 1950. De Phialea-ziekte van raaigras in Nederland. Tijdschrift over Plantenziekten 56:164-169.

de Tempe, J. 1966. Blind seed disease of ryegrass in the Netherlands. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology 72:299-310.

Ellis, E.A. 1956. Symphyosirinia, a new genus of inoperculate discomycetes. Transactions of the Norfolk Norwich Naturalist’s Society 18:1-17.

Fischer, G.W. 1944. The blind-seed disease of ryegrass (Lolium sp.) in Oregon. Phytopathology 34:934-935.

Foy, N.R. 1927. The official seed-testing station. Record of operations for 1926. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 34:186-194.

Gemmell, A.L. 1940. The disease of ryegrass seed. West of Scotland Agricultural College Bulletin 136:3-16.

Glasscock, H.H. 1940. Blind seed disease of rye-grass. Nature 146:368-369.

Gorman, L.W. 1939. Low germination susceptibility of perennial rye-grass strains. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 20:392a-401a.

Gorman, L.W. 1940. Blind seed disease investigations. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 22:79a-83a.

Grant, A.S. 1985. A seed development study of the effects of different soil moisture regimes on three perennial ryegrass cultivars (Lolium perenne L.). Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association 46:241.

Gray, E.G. 1942. Phialea mucosa sp. nov., the blind-seed fungus. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 25:329-333.

Greenall, A.F. 1943. Low germination of perennial ryegrass seed in South Otago. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 67:79-81.

Griffiths, E. 1958. Sexual reproduction and variation in Gloeotinia temulenta (Prill. & Delacr.) Wilson & Gray. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 41:461-482.

Griffiths, E.S. 1959a. Cytological and cytochemical aspects of the differentiation of the microconidia of Gloeotinia temulenta. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 42:123-124.

Griffiths, E. 1959b. The cytology of Gloeotinia temulenta (blind seed disease of rye-grass). Transactions of the British Mycological Society 42:132-148.

Hair, J.B. 1952. Blind-seed of ryegrass. III. Effect of fungicides on the disease. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 34:117-121.

Halfon-Meiri, A. 1978. Dangerous pathogens identified in imported seeds during the years 1965-1977. Phytoparasitica 6:40.

Hampton, J.G. 1987. Effect of nitrogen rate and time of application on seed yield in perennial ryegrass cv. Grasslands Nui. New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture 15:9-16.

Hampton, J.G., and D.J. Scott. 1980a. Blind seed disease of ryegrass in New Zealand. I. Occurrence and evidence for the use of nitrogen as a control measure. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 23:143-147.

Hampton, J.G., and D.J. Scott. 1980b. Blind seed disease of ryegrass in New Zealand. II. Nitrogen fertilizer: effect on incidence, and possible mode of action. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 23:149-153.

Hampton, J.G., and D.J. Scott. 1981. Blind seed disease of ryegrass in New Zealand. III. Urea: effect on apothecial production in the field and on blind seed infection -- a note. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 24:233-234.

Hampton, J.G., M.P. Rolston, N. Grbavac, et al. 1995. Germination in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) seed lots from the 1993 New Zealand harvest. Journal of Applied Seed Production 13:66.

Hardison, J.R. 1945. Blind seed disease and plans for control. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Oregon Seed Growers League, Eugene, Oregon, January 23-24, 1945, pp. 15-20.

Hardison, J.R. 1948. Field control of blind seed disease of perennial ryegrass in Oregon. Phytopathology 38:404-419.

Hardison, J.R. 1949. Blind seed disease of perennial ryegrass. Oregon State College Agricultural Experiment Station Circular 177.

Hardison, J.R. 1957. Record of blind seed disease control in Oregon. Plant Disease Reporter 41:34-41.

Hardison, J.R. 1962. Susceptibility of Gramineae to Gloeotinia temulenta. Mycologia 54:201-216.

Hardison, J.R. 1963. Control of Gloeotinia temulenta in seed fields of Lolium perenne by cultural methods. Phytopathology 53:460-464.

Hardison, J.R. 1970. Prevention of apothecial formation in Gloeotinia temulenta by benzimidazole compounds. Phytopathology 60:1259-1261.

Hardison, J.R. 1972. Prevention of apothecial formation in Gloeotinia temulenta by systemic and protectant fungicides. Phytopathology 62:605-609.

Hardison, J.R. 1975. Chemical suppression of apothecial formation in Gloeotinia temulenta. Plant Disease Reporter 59:229-231.

Hardison, J.R. 1976. Fire and flame for plant disease control. Annual Review of Phytopathology 14:355-379.

Hardison, J.R. 1980. Role of fire for disease control in grass seed production. Plant Disease 64:641-645.

Höhnel, F.V. 1903. Mycologische Fragmente. Annales Mycologici 1:391-414.

Holst-Jensen, A., L.M. Kohn, and T. Schumacher. 1997. Nuclear rDNA phylogeny of the Sclerotiniacea. Mycologia 89:885-899.

Hyde, E.O.C. 1932. Germinating capacity of perennial rye-grass seed. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 44:316-319.

Hyde, E.O.C. 1937. The present state of our knowledge concerning low germination in perennial ryegrass seed. In Papers Read at the Sixth Annual Conference of the New Zealand Grassland Association, Dunedin, August 10-12, 1937, pp. 90-96.

Hyde, E.O.C. 1938a. Detecting Pullularia infection in rye-grass seed crops. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 57:301-302.

Hyde, E.O.C. 1938b. Germinating capacity of italian rye-grass seed. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 56:357.

Hyde, E.O.C. 1942. Examination of ryegrass seed for blind seed disease. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 65:349-350.

Hyde, E.O.C. 1945. Ryegrass seed. Preharvest examination for blind-seed disease and estimation of germinating capacity. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 70:271-276.

Johnston, M.E.H., D. Matthews, and S.C. Harrison. 1965. The diurnal periodicity in the ejection of ascospores of Gloeotinia (Phialea temulenta (Pril. et Delacr.) Wilson, Noble, et Gray). New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 7:639-643.

Johnston, W.J., C.T. Golob, J.W. Sitton, and T.R. Schultz. 1996. Effect of temperature and postharvest field burning of kentucky bluegrass on germination of sclerotia of Claviceps purpurea. Plant Disease 80:766-768.

Kolk, H., and W.J. Rennie. 1978. Report of the plant disease committee working group on grasses 1974-1977, Eighteenth International Seed Testing Congress. Seed Science and Technology 6:277-279.

Kristensen, H.R., and H.A. Jørgensen. 1960. New attacks of virus and fungi in Denmark 1957. Tidsskrift for Planteavl 64:610-613.

Lafferty, H.A. 1948. Blind-seed disease of rye-grass. Journal, Ireland Department of Agriculture, Dublin 45:192-201.

Latch, G.C.M. 1966. Fungous diseases of ryegrass in New Zealand. II. Foliage, root, and seed diseases. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 9:808-819.

Lithgow, A.V., and K. Cottier. 1953. Pre-harvest examination of ryegrass seed for blind seed disease. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 87:405-406.

Lynch, P.B. 1952. Blind-seed disease of ryegrass. In Proceedings of the 14th Conference of the New Zealand Grassland Association, Nov. 25-28, 1952, Timaru, New Zealand, pp. 42-57. Wellington.

Matthews, D. 1980. A comparison of methods for the detection of blind seed disease (Gloeotinia temulenta) in ryegrass seed samples. Seed Science and Technology 8:183-191.

McGee, D.C. 1971a. Blind seed of ryegrass (Gloeotinia temulenta). Victorian Plant Research Institute Report No. 6, p. 27. Department of Agriculture, Victoria, Australia.

McGee, D.C. 1971b. The effect of benomyl on Gloeotinia temulenta under laboratory and field conditions. Australian Journal of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 11:693-695.

Munro, D. 1978. Ryegrass blind seed disease--pre harvest test. Tasmanian Journal of Agriculture 49:192-193.

Muskett, A.E. 1948. Techniques for the examination of seeds for the presence of seed-borne fungi. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 30:74-83.

Muskett, A.E., and E.L. Calvert. 1940. Blind seed disease of rye-grass. Nature 146:200-201.

Neill, J.C., and C.S. Armstrong. 1955. An aerial survey of ascospore distribution of blind-seed disease of ryegrass (Gloeotinia (Phialea) temulenta). New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 34:106-109.

Neill, J.C., and E.O.C. Hyde. 1939. Blind-seed disease of ryegrass. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 20:281a-301a.

Neill, J.C., and E.O.C. Hyde. 1942. Blind seed disease of rye-grass. II. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 24:65a-71a.

Noble, M. 1939. Notes of Pullularia pullulans in ryegrass seed and seed-testing methods as affecting detection of certain seed-borne diseases. Annals of Applied Biology 26:630-633.

Noble, M., and E.G. Gray. 1945. Blind seed disease of ryegrass. The Scottish Journal of Agriculture 25:94-97.

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Schumacher, T. 1979. Phialea granigena, an older name for Gloeotinia temulenta. Mycotaxon 3:125-126.

Scott, D.J. 1974. Blind seed disease: preharvest testing to cease. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture 129:19.

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Sproule, T.R.M., and C.E. Wright. 1966. A rapid technique for the examination of large numbers of ryegrass samples for blind seed disease. Plant Pathology 15:180-183.

Stewart, R.H. 1963. Influence of nitrogen on the incidence of blind seed disease in S-24 perennial ryegrass. In Annual Report, Northern Ireland Ministry of Agriculture, Belfast, pp. 86-87.

Wade, G.C. 1949. Blind seed disease of ryegrass. Tasmanian Journal of Agriculture 20:226-228.

Wade, G.C. 1955. Seed treatment for disease control. Tasmanian Journal of Agriculture 26:42-46.

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Wilson, M., M. Noble, and E.G. Gray. 1940. Blind seed disease of ryegrass. Nature 145:783.

Wilson, M., M. Noble, and E.G. Gray. 1945. The blind seed disease of rye-grass and its causal fungus. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 61(part II):327-340.

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Wright, C.E. 1956. Blind seed disease of ryegrass. II. A semi-natural field technique designed to test the blind seed disease reaction of paced ryegrass plants. The Research and Experimental Record of the Ministry of Agriculture (Northern Ireland) 6:4-13.

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Young, W.C., III, D.O. Chilcote, and T.B. Silberstein. 1992. An evaluation of equipment used by Willamette Valley grass seed growers as a substitute for open-field burning. Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science, Ext/CrS 87.

Young, W.C., III, B.M. Quebbeman, T.B. Silberstein, and D.O. Chilcote. 1994. An evaluation of equipment used by Willamette Valley grass seed growers as a substitute for open field burning. Oregon State University Department of Crop and Soil Science, Ext/CrS 99.


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Original posting: October 2001.












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