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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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Agricultural Research Service FY 2004, FY 2005, FY 2006, and FY 2007 Annual Performance Plans
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1 - Introduction
2 - Table of Contents
3 - Goals 1 and 2
4 - Goal 3
5 - Goal 4
6 - Goal 5
7 - Goal 6
Goal 5

GOAL 5:  PROTECT AND ENHANCE THE NATION’S NATURAL RESOURCE BASE AND ENVIRONMENT

 

GOAL 5 PROGRAMS

FY 2004

FY 2005

FY 2006

FY 2007

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental Stewardship

$216,420

$219,357

$178,159

$183,921

 

 

 

 

 

        Total

$216,420

$219,357

$178,159

$183,921

NOTE:  Dollars in Thousands.

 

Means and Strategies:  To successfully accomplish the research activities under this goal, ARS will need the resources reflected in the table above.

 

Verification and Validation:  ARS currently conducts a series of review processes designed to ensure the relevance and quality of its research work, and to maintain the highest possible standards for its scientists.  A more detailed description of the evaluation plans can be found in the introduction to this plan.

 

OBJECTIVE 5.1:  Provide Science-Based Knowledge and Education To Improve the Management of Forest, Rangelands, and Pastures.

 

Performance Measure 5.1.1:  Develop ecologically-based information, technologies, germplasm, and management strategies that sustain agricultural production while conserving and enhancing the diverse natural resources found on rangelands and pasture lands.

 

Indicators:

 

During FY 2004, ARS will

 

provide increased understanding of genetic resources, genomics, and molecular processes of grasses, legumes, and other herbaceous plants that affect establishment, persistence, production and use so improved germplasm and cultivars can be released for pasture, harvested forages, turf, biofuels, rangeland restoration, and conservation.

 

provide forage and pasture management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment.

 

provide rangeland management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment including reducing the risks of wildfires, invasive weeds and other threats by stabilizing, restoring, and monitoring degraded rangeland in an affordable and sustainable manner.

 

During FY 2005, ARS will

 

provide increased understanding of genetic resources, genomics, and molecular processes of grasses, legumes, and other herbaceous plants that affect establishment, persistence, production and use so improved germplasm and cultivars can be released for pasture, harvested forages, turf, biofuels, rangeland restoration, and conservation.

 

provide forage and pasture management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment.

 

provide rangeland management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment including reducing the risks of wildfires, invasive weeds, and other threats by stabilizing, restoring, and monitoring degraded rangeland in an affordable and sustainable manner.

 

During FY 2006, ARS will

 

provide increased understanding of genetic resources, genomics, and molecular processes of grasses, legumes, and other herbaceous plants that affect establishment, persistence, production and use so improved germplasm and cultivars can be released for pasture, harvested forages, turf, biofuels, rangeland restoration, and conservation.

 

provide forage and pasture management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment.

 

provide rangeland management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment including reducing the risks of wildfires, invasive weeds, and other threats by stabilizing, restoring, and monitoring degraded rangeland in an affordable and sustainable manner.

 

During FY 2007, ARS will

 

provide increased understanding of genetic resources, genomics, and molecular processes of grasses, legumes, and other herbaceous plants that affect establishment, persistence, production, and use so that  improved germplasm and cultivars can be released for pasture, harvested forages, turf, biofuels, rangeland restoration, and conservation.

 

provide forage and pasture management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment.

 

provide rangeland management technologies and strategies that reduce inputs while improving livestock performance and sustaining the environment, including reducing the risks of wildfires, invasive weeds, and other threats, by stabilizing, restoring, and monitoring degraded rangeland in an affordable and sustainable manner.

 

OBJECTIVE 5.2:  Provide Science-Based Knowledge and Education To Improve Quality and Management of Soil, Air, and Water Resources.

 

Performance Measure 5.2.1:  Develop the tools and techniques required to maintain and restore the physical, chemical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s watersheds and its surface and groundwater resources.

 

Indicators:

 

During FY 2004, ARS will

 

develop and demonstrate the use of new irrigation and drainage management practices that improve water conservation and water quality.

 

develop models and decision support systems that quantify the economic and environmental impact of conservation practices at field, farm, and watershed scale.

 

provide technical support to the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and the U.S. Forest Service as they deploy ARS soil erosion models throughout the Nation in support of the 2002 Farm Bill.

 

During FY 2005, ARS will

 

demonstrate how improved drainage management systems reduce nitrate-nitrogen runoff and improve the effectiveness of riparian areas and wetlands.

 

develop at least one tool to enable farmers, ranchers, and Federal and State agencies to anticipate the initiation of drought and respond to ongoing water scarcity and drought through improved water management practices and understanding of climate forecasting.

 

develop at least one design and analysis tool to economically maintain water resource management flood control infrastructure and stream corridor management systems.

 

During FY 2006, ARS will

 

develop at least one precision irrigation system for site-specific management in the production of high-value agricultural crops.

 

develop at least one assessment technology and model that predicts the effects of salinity on crops, soils, and water quality at farm and watershed scales.

 

develop and validate field, watershed, and basin scale watershed assessment decision support system tools that can be utilized by NRCS and EPA to determine the economic and environmental benefits of conservation practices in reducing nutrient and sediment loading to the Nation’s lakes, streams, and rivers in support of the 2002 Farm Bill.

 

During FY 2007, ARS will

 

develop and demonstrate the use of innovative water management practices that improves water conservation, and/or reduces nutrient and pesticide losses to ground waters, streams, and lakes.

 

develop and validate field, watershed, and basin scale watershed assessment tools for the NRCS that quantify the economic and environmental impacts of conservation practices in improving water, soil, and air quality.

 

develop at least one design and analysis tool for minimizing the impact of salinity on crops, soils, and water quality.

 

Performance Measure 5.2.2:  Develop agricultural practices that maintain or enhance soil resources, thus ensuring sustainable food, feed, and fiber production while protecting environmental quality.

 

Indicators:

 

During FY 2004, ARS will

 

develop management practices and decision tools which make more efficient use of plant nutrients from fertilizers and other sources while protecting the environment.

 

develop management practices and decision tools which improve soil conditions and crop growth.

 

During FY 2005, ARS will

 

develop management practices and decision tools which make more efficient use of plant nutrients from fertilizers and other sources while protecting the environment.

 

develop management practices and decision tools which improve soil conditions and crop growth.

 

During FY 2006, ARS will

 

develop tools which assess the sustainability of land management practices.

 

develop practices which remediate degraded soils.

 

During FY 2007, ARS will develop management practices and decision tools to improve soil quality and protect the environment.

 

Performance Measure 5.2.3:  Develop approaches that mitigate the impact of poor air quality on crop production and provide scientific information and technology to maintain or enhance crop and animal production while controlling emissions that reduce air quality or destroy the ozone layer.

 

Indicators:

 

During FY 2004, ARS will

 

develop methods to reduce emissions of harmful gases from crop production systems and postharvest/quarantine treatments.

 

develop methods and control technologies which reduce particulate matter emissions from crop and animal production systems.

 

During FY 2005, ARS will

 

develop methods to reduce emissions of harmful gases from crop production systems and postharvest/quarantine treatments.

 

develop methods and control technologies which reduce particulate matter emissions from crop and animal production systems.

 

During FY 2006, ARS will

 

develop methods to reduce emissions of harmful gases from crop production systems and postharvest/quarantine treatments.

 

develop practices and approaches which mitigate the detrimental effects of tropospheric ozone on agricultural crops.

 

During FY 2007, ARS will

 

develop methods to reduce emissions of harmful gases from crop production systems and postharvest/quarantine treatments.

 

document the effectiveness of management practices and control technologies to reduce emission of harmful gases from crop and animal production systems.

 

Performance Measure 5.2.4:  Develop agricultural practices and decision support strategies that allow producers to take advantage of beneficial effects and mitigate adverse impacts of global change.

 

Indicators:

 

During FY 2004, ARS will

 

assess the potential risks and benefits to agricultural systems that may arise from global change, and develop agricultural management practices and decision support strategies that enable producers to take advantage of beneficial effects and mitigate adverse impacts.

 

identify the processes that control the rate at which agricultural systems release and absorb greenhouse gases, and develop agricultural management practices that contribute to reductions in the Nation’s net greenhouse gas emissions.

 

During FY 2005, ARS will

 

assess the potential risks and benefits to agricultural systems that may arise from global change, and develop agricultural management practices and decision support strategies that enable producers to take advantage of beneficial effects and mitigate adverse impacts.

 

identify processes that control the rate at which agricultural systems release and absorb greenhouse gases, and develop agricultural management practices that contribute to reductions in the Nation’s net greenhouse gas emissions.

 

During FY 2006, ARS will

 

assess the potential risks and benefits to agricultural systems that may arise from global change, and develop agricultural management practices and decision support strategies that enable producers to take advantage of beneficial effects and mitigate adverse impacts.

 

identify the processes that control the rate at which agricultural systems release and absorb greenhouse gases, and develop agricultural management practices that contribute to reductions in the Nation’s net greenhouse gas emissions.

 

During FY 2007, ARS will

 

assess the potential risks and benefits to agricultural systems that may arise from global change, and develop agricultural management practices and decision support strategies that enable producers to take advantage of beneficial effects and mitigate adverse impacts.

 

identify the processes that control the rate at which agricultural systems release and absorb greenhouse gases, and develop agricultural management practices that contribute to reductions in the Nation’s net greenhouse gas emissions.

 

Performance Measure 5.2.5:  Develop management practices, treatment technologies, and decision tools for effective use of animal manure and selected industrial and municipal byproducts to improve soil properties and enhance crop production while protecting the environment.

 

Indicators:

 

During FY 2004, ARS will

 

develop management practices and treatment technologies which reduce nutrient losses from animal manure to the environment.

 

develop management practices and treatment technologies which reduce gaseous and particulate matter emissions from animal production operations.

 

During FY 2005, ARS will

 

develop management practices and treatment technologies which reduce gaseous and particulate matter emissions from animal production operations.

 

develop management practices and technologies which control pathogenic microorganisms in manure that may threaten human health.

 

During FY 2006, ARS will

 

develop management practices and technologies which control pathogenic microorganisms in manure that may threaten human health.

 

develop management practices and decision tools which facilitate the safe use of industrial and municipal byproducts to improve soil properties and crop growth.

 

During FY 2007, ARS will demonstrate the effectiveness of management practices and control technologies that will reduce nutrient losses, reduce emissions, and control pathogens from animal production operations.

 

Performance Measure 5.2.6:  Develop agricultural and decision support systems that assist in increasing the efficiency of agricultural enterprises and achieve economic and environmental sustainability.

 

Indicators:

 

During FY 2004, ARS will develop new production practices and decision support tools that increase profitability and improve environmental quality.

 

During FY 2005, ARS will develop new production practices and decision support tools that increase profitability and improve environmental quality.

 

During FY 2006, ARS will develop new production practices and decision support tools that increase profitability and improve environmental quality.

 

During FY 2007, ARS will develop new production practices and decision support tools that increase profitability and improve environmental quality.
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Last Modified: 9/2/2005
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