Animal Physiology Research Unit
Biological Control of Insects Research Unit
Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research Unit
Plant Genetics Research Unit
The Animal Physiology Research Unit (1 scientist) was formed in 1986 and
works on stress responses and endocrine systems in neo-natal pigs.
The Biological Control of Insects Research Laboratory (BCIRL, 5 scientists)
opened in 1965 and is situated on 10 acres of Federally owned property
in Research Park on the campus of the University of Missouri. Work minimizes
negative impacts from insects and weeds through the use of biological
The Cropping Systems and Water Quality Research Unit (9 scientists) was
constituted in 1987 from personnel in the former North Central Watershed
Research Unit and part of the former Crop Production Research Unit. Work
is on cropping systems at the field scale and water quality at the watershed
The Plant Genetics Research Unit (13 scientists) was formed in 1988 from
the former Cereal Genetics Research Unit and part of the former Crop Production
Research Unit. Work is on breeding, genetics, and molecular biology of
corn, soybeans, and wheat.
All Units except for BCIRL are housed in appropriate Departments of the
College of Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources of the University
1937 Midwest Claypan Research Farm (McCredie Farm) established near Kingdom
City, MO, by the USDA-Soil Conservation Service in cooperation with the
Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station to study problems common to the
soils and topography of the region. The origins of the Research Unit followed
1941 Runoff and erosion plots established at the McCredie Farm. From 1961-1998,
these plots produced new soil conservation practices and contributed significantly
to the understanding of erosion embodied in the Universal Soil Loss Equation
1953 The Watershed Research Unit came under the newly-established Agricultural
1962 North Central Hydrology Research Watershed Research Unit established,
with existing work included and new field-scale watersheds established
at Treynor, Iowa.
1964 Released corn inbred line Mo17; used in more than 12% of the hybrid
corn seed produced in the United States in 1979.
1983 Discovered a parasite, Edovum puttleri, that has proven effective
in the control of the Colorado potato beetle.
1990 Under the 1989 Presidential Initiative on Enhancing Water Quality,
the Missouri Management Systems Evaluation Area (MSEA) site was established
on the Goodwater Creek watershed to test the effect of agricultural practices
on ground water.
1992 Public access available to the Maize Genome Database (MaizeDB, now
MaizeGDB at www.maizegdb.org), a
database of genetic information on corn.
1996 Released ARS-2620, a rhizomateous birdsfoot trefoil; no other US
birdsfoot trefoil has rhizomes.
2001 Established an ARS presence at the Donald Danforth Plant Science
Center, St. Louis, MO, with two scientists focused on soybean seed composition
for food, feed, and industrial uses.
2003 The Senate Appropriations Committee provided funding of $2.7M for
FY2004 to complete the planning and design of a National Plant and Genetics
Security Center. Approval of the FY2004 Appropriation Bill is pending.
2003 Edward H. Coe, Research Geneticist, Plant Genetics, completed 48
years of creditable service with ARS at Columbia, MO.
No Photos available at this time.