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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Dr. Thomashow Publications
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Agabian, N., L. Thomashow, M. Milhausen, and K. Stuart.  1980.  Structural analysis of variant and invariant genes in trypanosomes.  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 05 Suppl:1043-1049.

Agabian, N., L. Thomashow, K. Stuart, and M. Milhausen.  1980.  Molecular cloning of parasite genes. Inserm 97:425-459.

Samuel, J. E., M. E. Frazier, M. L. Kahn, L. S. Thomashow, and L. P. Mallavia.  1983.  Isolation and characterization of a plasmid from phase I Coxiella burnetii.  Infect. Immun. 41:488-493.

Thomashow, L., M. Milhausen, W. J. Rutter, and N. Agabian.  1983.  Tubulin genes are tandemly linked and clustered in the genome of Trypanosoma brucei.  Cell 32:35-43.

Mallavia, L. P., J. E. Samuel, M. L. Kahn, L. S. Thomashow, and M. E. Frazier.  1984.  Studies on plasmid DNA from Coxiella burnetii, pp. 293-296.  In D. Schlessinger, (ed.), Microbiology-1984.  ASM, Washington, DC.

Thomashow, L. S., S. Reeves, and M. F. Thomashow.  1984.  Crown gall oncogenesis:  Evidence that a T-DNA gene from the Agrobacterium Ti plasmid pTiA6 encodes an enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of indoleacetic acid.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81:5071-5075.

Thomashow, L. S., and S. C. Rittenberg.  1985.  Isolation and composition of sheathed flagella from Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus 109J.  J. Bacteriol. 163:1047-1054.

Thomashow, L. S., and S. C. Rittenberg.  1985.  Waveform analysis and structure of flagella and basal complexes from Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus 109J.  J. Bacteriol. 163:1038-1046.

Thomashow, M. F., S. Hugly, W. G. Buchholz, and L. S. Thomashow.  1986.  Molecular basis for the auxin independent phenotype of crown gall tumor tissues.  Science 231:616-618.

Cook, R. J., D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow.  1987.  Enhancement of root health and plant growth by rhizobacteria, pp. 125-134. In Molecular strategies for crop protection.  Alan R. Liss, Inc.

Cook, R. J., L. S. Thomashow, and D. M. Weller.  1988.  Fungal-bacterial interactions in the root region, with special reference to antagonism of wheat root-infecting fungi by rhizobacteria, pp. 401-405.  In F. Megusar and M. Gantar (ed.), Microbial ecology. Slovene Society for Microbiology, Ljubljana.

Thomashow, L. S., and D. M. Weller.  1988.  Role of a phenazine antibiotic from Pseudomonas fluorescens in biological control of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici.  J. Bacteriol. 170:3499-3508.

Thomashow, L. S., and D. M. Weller.  1990.  Application of fluorescent pseudomonads to control root diseases of wheat and some mechanisms of disease suppression, pp. 109-122.  In Biological Control of Soilborne Plant Pathogens.  D. Hornby (ed.), CAB International, London. 

Thomashow, L. S., and D. M. Weller.  1990.  Role of antibiotics and siderophores in biocontrol of take-all disease of wheat.  Plant and Soil 126:93-99.

Thomashow, L. S., D. M. Weller, R. F. Bonsall, and L. S. Pierson III.  1990.  Production of the antibiotic phenazine-1-carboxylic acid by fluorescent Pseudomonas species in the rhizosphere of wheat.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56:908-912. 

Weller, D. M., and L. S. Thomashow.  1990.  Antibiotics:  evidence for their production and sites where they are produced, pp. 703-711.  In New Directions in Biological Control.  R. Baker and P. Dunn (eds.).  A. R. Liss, Inc., New York. 

Bull, C. T., D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow.  1991.  Relationship between root colonization and suppression of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici by Pseudomonas fluorescens strain 2-79.  Phytopathology 81:954-959.

Hamdan, H., D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow. 1991.  Relative importance of fluorescent siderophores and other factors in biological control of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici by Pseudomonas fluorescens 2-79 and M4-80R.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57:3270-3277.

Thomashow, L. S.  1991.  Molecular basis of antibiosis mediated by rhizosphere pseudomonads, pp. 109-114.  In Plant Growth-promoting Rhizobacteria-Progress and Prospects.  C. Keel, B. Koller and G. Defago, (eds.).  IOBC Bulletin Bulletin 1991/XIV/8.

Thomashow, L. S. 1991.  Mechanisms of suppression of take-all disease of wheat by fluorescent pseudomonads, pp. 41-49.  In Biological Control of Plant Diseases.  R. Nyvall (ed.).  Miscellaneous Publication 72-1991, Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Minnesota.

Thomashow, L. S., and L. S. Pierson III.  1991.  Genetic aspects of phenazine antibiotic production by fluorescent pseudomonads that suppress take-all disease of wheat, pp. 443-449. In Advances in Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions.  H. Hennecke and D.P.S. Verma (eds.).  Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Thomashow, L. S., and D. M. Weller. 1991.  Role of antibiotics and siderophores in biocontrol of take-all disease of wheat, pp. 245-251.  In The Rhizosphere and Plant Growth.  D. L. Keister and P. B. Cregan (eds).  Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Mazzola, M., R.J. Cook, L.S. Thomashow, D.M. Weller and L.S. Pierson III.  1992.  Contribution of phenazine antibiotic biosynthesis to the ecological competence of fluorescent pseudomonads in soil habitats.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58:2616-2624.

Ownley, B. H., D. M. Weller and L. S. Thomashow.  1992.  Influence of in situ and in vitro pH on suppression of Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici by Pseudomonas fluorescens 2-79.  Phytopathology 82:178-184.

Pierson, L. S. III, and L. S. Thomashow.  1992. Cloning and heterologous expression of the phenazine biosynthetic locus from Pseudomonas aureofaciens 30-84.  Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 5:330-339.

Thomashow, L. S., D. W. Essar, D. K. Fujimoto, L. S. Pierson, III, C. Thrane, and D. M. Weller. 1993.  Genetic and biochemical determinants of phenazine antibiotic production by fluorescent pseudomonads that suppress take-all disease of wheat.  In Advances in Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions, vol 2, eds. E. W. Nester and D. P. S. Verma, pp. 535-541.  Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Weller, D. M., and L. S. Thomashow. 1993. Use of rhizobacteria for biocontrol. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 4:306-311.

Weller, D. M., and L. S. Thomashow. 1993. Microbial metabolites with biological activity against plant pathogens, pp. 173-180.  In Pest Management: Biologically Based Technologies. R. D. Lumsden and J. L. Vaughn eds. American Chemical Society, Washington DC.

Hara, H., M. Bangera, D.-S. Kim, D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow.  1994.  Effect of transfer and expression of antibiotic biosynthesis genes on biological control activity of fluorescent pseudomonads, pp. 247-249.  In Improving Plant Productivity with Rhizobacteria, eds. M. H. Ryder, P. M. Stephens and G. D. Bowen.  CSIRO Division of Soils, Adelaide, South Australia.

Bangera, M. G., D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow.  1994.  Genetic analysis of the  2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol biosynthetic locus from Pseudomonas fluorescens Q2-87, pp. 383-386.  In Advances in Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions, vol 3, eds. M. J. Daniels, J. A. Downie, and A. E. Osbourn.  Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Weller, D. M., and and L. S. Thomashow.  1994.  Current challenges in introducing beneficial microorganisms into the rhizosphere, pp. 1-18.  In O'Gara, F., Dowling, D. N. and Boesten (eds.)  Microbial Ecology of Rhizosphere Microorganisms. VCH, Germany.

 Fujimoto, D. K., D. M. Weller,  and L. S. Thomashow.  1995.  The role of secondary metabolites in disease suppression, pp. 330-347.  In Inderjit and Dakshini, K. M. M. (eds.). Insights into Allelopathy.  American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

Weller, D. M., L. S. Thomashow, and R. J. Cook.  1995.  Biological control of soilborne pathogens of wheat: benefits, risks and current challenges, pp. 149-160.  In Hokkanen, H. M. T. and Lynch, J. M. (eds.)  Benefits and Risks of Introducing Biocontrol Agents.  Plant and Microbial Biotechnology Series, Cambridge University Press, UK.

Thomashow, L. S., and D. M. Weller.  1995.  Current concepts in the use of introduced bacteria for biological disease control: mechanisms and antifungal metabolites, pp. 187-235.  In Stacey, G. and N. Keen (ed.), Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 1. Chapman & Hall, New York.

Cook, R. J., L. S. Thomashow, D. M. Weller, D. Fujimoto, D. M. Mazzola, G. Bangera, and D.-S. Kim.  1995. Molecular mechanisms of defense by rhizobacteria against root disease.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:4197-4201.

Mazzola, M., D. K. Fujimoto, L. S. Thomashow, L. S., and R. J. Cook.  1995. Variation in sensitivity of Gaeumannomyces graminis to antibiotics produced by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. and effect on biological control of take-all of wheat. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61:2554-2559.

Warren, G., J. Loper, D. Mills, and L. S. Thomashow.  1995.  Transformation of soil microorganisms: Pseudomonas, pp. 3-9.  In Wang, K., A. Herrera-Estrella, and M. Van Montagu (ed.), Transformation of Plants and Soil Microorganisms.  Plant and Microbial Biotechnology Research Series, Cambridge University Press, UK.

Rosales, A., L. S. Thomashow, R. J. Cook, and T. W. Mew.  1995.  Isolation and identification of antifungal metabolites produced by rice-associated antagonistic Pseudomonas spp. Phytopathology 85:1028-1032.

Bangera, M. G., and L. S. Thomashow.  1996.  Characterization of a genomic locus required for synthesis of the antibiotic 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol by the biological control agent Pseudomonas fluorescens Q2-87.  Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 9:83-90. 

Keel, C., D. M. Weller, A. Natsch, G. Défago, R. J. Cook, and L. S. Thomashow. 1996. Conservation of the biosynthetic locus for 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol among fluorescent Pseudomonas strains from diverse geographic locations.  Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62:552-563.

Thomashow L. S. 1996. Biological control of plant root pathogens.  Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 7:343-347.

Thomashow L. S., R. F. Bonsall, and D. M. Weller.  1996.  Antibiotic Production by Soil and Rhizosphere Microbes in situ, pp. 493-499.  In Hurst, C. (ed).  Manual of Microbial Ecology.  American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC.

Thomashow, L. S., M. G. Bangera, R. F. Bonsall, D. -S. Kim, J. Raaijmakers and D. M. Weller.  2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol, a key antibiotic in soilborne pathogen suppression by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp, pp.469-474.  In Stacey, G. (ed).  Advances in Molecular Genetics of Plant-Microbe Interactions, vol 4.  International Society for Plant-Microbe Interactions, St. Paul, MN.

Thomashow, L. S., and D. M. Weller.  1996.  Molecular basis of pathogen suppression by antibiosis in the rhizosphere, pp. 80-103.  In Hall, R. (ed). Principles and Practice of Managing Soilborne Plant Pathogens.  American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.

Bonsall, R. F., D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow. 1997. Quantification of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol produced by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. in vitro and in the rhizosphere of wheat. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63: 951-955.

Raaijmakers, J. M., D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow. 1997. Frequency of antibiotic producing Pseudomonas spp. in natural environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:881-887.

Mavrodi, D. V., B. M. Chateuv, V. N. Ksenzenko, L. S. Thomashow, and A. M. Boronin. 1997. A genetic locus controlling biosynthesis of phenazine antibiotics in Pseudomonas fluorescens strain 2-79. Dokl. Akad. Nauk 352:117-120.

Mavrodi, D. V., V. N. Ksenzenko,  B. M. Chateuv, L. S. Thomashow, and A. M. Boronin. 1997. Structure-functional organization of Pseudomonas fluorescens genes, coding for biosynthetic enzymes of phenazine-1-carbonic acid. Mol. Biol. (Moscow) 31:74-80.

Weller, D. M. J. M. Raaijmakers, and L. S. Thomashow. 1997. The rhizosphere ecology of antibiotic-producing pseudomonads and their role in take-all decline, p. 58-64. In A. Ogoshi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Homma, F. Kodama, N. Kondo, and S. Akino (ed). Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria—Present Status and Future Prospects. Japan-OECD Joint Workshop, Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria.

Thomashow, L. S., and D. V. Mavrodi. 1997. The genetics and regulation of antibiotic production by PGPR, p. 108-115. In A. Ogoshi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Homma, F. Kodama, N. Kondo, and S. Akino (ed). Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria—Present Status and Future Prospects. Japan-OECD Joint Workshop, Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria.

Thomashow, L. S., M. G. Bangera, R. F. Bonsall, D.-S. Kim, J. M. Raaijmakers, and D. M. Weller. 1996. 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol, a key antibiotic in soilborne pathogen suppression by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp., p. 469-474. In: G. Stacey, B. Mullin, and P. M. Gresshoff (ed). Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions, vol. 1. International Society for Plant-Microbe Interactions, St. Paul, MN.

Mavrodi D.V., V. N. Ksenzenko,  R. F. Bonsall, R. J. Cook, A. M. Boronin, and L. S. Thomashow. 1998. A seven-gene locus for synthesis of phenazine-1-carboxylic acid by Pseudomonas fluorescens 2-79. J. Bacteriol. 180:2541-2548.

Raaijmakers, J. M., L. S. Thomashow, and D. M. Weller. 1998. Plant protection by antibiotic-producing bacteria in natural disease-suppressive soils, p. 155-165. In: Molecular Approaches in Biological Control, IOBC/WPRS Bulletin,Vol. 21(9).

Glandorf, D.C. M., P. Verheggen, T. Jansen, L. S. Thomashow, P. Leeflang, P., E. Smit, K. Wernars, P. A. H. M. Bakker, and L. C. van Loon, 1998. Field Release of Genetically Modified Pseudomonas putida WCS358r to Study Effects on the Indigenous Soil Microflora, pp. 41-46. In:G. E. de Vries (ed.). Proceedings of the Second International CCRO Workshop, Past, Present and Future Considerations in Risk Assessment when Using GMOs. Commission Genetic Modification, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.  

Bangera, M. G., and L. S. Thomashow. 1999. Identification and characterization of a gene cluster for synthesis of the polyketide antibiotic 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol from Pseudomonas fluorescens Q2-87. J. Bacteriol. 181:3155-3163.

Weller, D. M., and L. S. Thomashow. 1999. The role of microbial metabolites in biological control of plant pathogens, pp. 415-422. In F. A. Macías, J. C. G. Galindo, J. M. G. Molinillo, and  H. C. Cutler (ed). Recent Advances in Allelopathy, Vol. 1, A Science for the Future. Universidad De Cádiz, Cadiz, Spain.

Thomashow, L. S., O. V. Mavrodi, D. V. Mavrodi, J. M. Raaijmakers, R. F. Bonsall, B. McSpadden-Gardener, Y.-J. Lee, M. J. Park, and D. M. Weller. 2000. 2,4-Diacetylphloroglucinol, a major determinant in the biological control of take-all disease of wheat, p. 331-335. In:  P. G. M. De Witt, T. Bisseling, and W. J Stiekema (ed). Biology of Plant-Microbe Interactions, Vol. 2. International Society for Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, St. Paul, MN.

McSpadden Gardener, B. B., K. L. Schroeder, S. E. Kalloger, J. M. Raaijmakers, L. S. Thomashow, and D. M. Weller. 2000. Genotypic and phenotypic diversity of phlD-containing Pseudomonas isolated from the rhizosphere of wheat. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1939-1946.

Timms-Wilson, T. M., R. J. Ellis, A. Renwick, D. J. Rhodes, D. V. Mavrodi, D. M. Weller, L. S. Thomashow, and M. J. Bailey. Chromosomal insertion of the phenazine biosynthetic pathway (phzABCDEFG) enhances the efficacy of damping off disease control by Pseudomonas fluorescens 54/96. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 13:1293-2000.

Mavrodi, O. V., B. B. McSpadden Gardener, D. V. Mavrodi, R. F. Bonsall, D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow. 2001. Genetic diversity of phlD from 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol-producing fluorescent Pseudomonas species. Phytopathology 91:35-43.

Delaney, S. M., D. V. Mavrodi, R. F. Bonsall, and L. S. Thomashow. 2001. phzO – a gene for biosynthesis of 2-hydroxylated phenazine compounds in Pseudomonas aureofaciens 30-84. J. Bacteriol. 183:318-327.

McSpadden Gardener, B. B., D. V. Mavrodi, L. S. Thomashow, and D. M. Weller. 2001. A rapid PCR-based assay characterizing rhizosphere populations of 2,4-DAPG-producing bacteria. Phytopathology 91:44-54.

Glandorf, D. C. M., P. Verheggen, T. Jansen, J. W. Jorritsma, E. Smit, P. Leeflang, K. Wernars, L. S. Thomashow, E. Laureijs, J. E. Thomas-Oates, P. A. H. M. Bakker, and L. C. van Loon. 2001. Effect of genetically modified Pseudomonas putida WCS358r on the fungal rhizosphere microflora of field-grown wheat. Appl. Envir. Microbiol. 67: 3371-3378.

Mavrodi, D. V., R.F. Bonsall, S. M. Delaney, M. J. Soule, G. Phillips, and L. S. Thomashow. 2001. Functional analysis of genes for biosynthesis of pyocyanin and phenazine-1-carboxamide from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. J Bacteriol.183: 6454-6465.

McDonald, M., D. V. Mavrodi, L. S. Thomashow, and H. G. Floss.2001. Phenazine biosynthesis in Pseudomonas fluorescens: Branchpoint from the primary shikimate biosynthetic pathway and role of phenazine-1,6-dicarboxylic acid. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123:9459-9460.

Landa, B.B., O.V. Mavrodi, J.M. Raaijmakers, B. B. McSpadden-Gardener, L.S. Thomashow, and D.M.Weller. 2002. Differential ability of genotypes of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol-producing Pseudomonas fluorescens strains to colonize the roots of pea plants. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:3226-3237.

Mavrodi, D. V., O. V. Mavrodi, B. B. McSpadden-Gardener, B. B. Landa, D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow. 2002. Identification of differences in genome content among phlD-positive Pseudomonas fluorescens strains by using PCR-based subtractive hybridization. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68(10):5170-5176.

Bakker, P.A.H.M., D.C.M. Glandorf, M. Viebahn, T.W.M. Ouwens, E. Smit, P. Leeflang, K. Wernars, L.S. Thomashow, J.E. Thomas-Oates, and L.C. van Loon. 2002. Effects of Pseudomonas putida modified to product phenazine-1-carboxylic acid and 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol on the microflora of field grown wheat. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 81:617-624.

Thomashow, L. S., R. F. Bonsall, and D. M. Weller. 2002. Antibiotic production by soil and rhizosphere microbes in situ, pp. 636-647 In: C. J. Hurst, R. L. Crawford, G. R. Knudsen, M. J. McInerney, and L. D. Stetzenbach (eds.). Manual of Environmental Microbiology, 2nd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, D.C. 1138 pp.

Weller, D.M., J. M. Raaijmakers, B. B.  McSpadden Gardener, and L. S. Thomashow. 2002. Microbial populations responsible for specific soil suppressiveness to plant pathogens.  Annu. Rev. Phytopathol.  40:309-348.

Denison, R. F., C. Bledsoe, M. Kahn, F. O’Gara, E. L. Simms, and L. S. Thomashow. 2003. Cooperation in the rhizosphere and the “free rider” problem.  Ecology 84:838-845.

Landa, B.B., D. M. Mavrodi, L. S. Thomashow, and D. M. Weller. 2003. Interactions between strains of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol-producing Pseudomonas fluorescens in the rhizosphere of wheat. Phytopathology. 93:982-994.

Mavrodi, D. V., N. Bleimling, L. S. Thomashow, and W. Blankenfeldt. 2003. The purification, crystallization and preliminary structural characterization of PhzF, a key enzyme in the phenazine-biosynthetic pathway from Pseudomonas fluorescens 2-79. Acta Cryst. D:60:184-186.

Huang, Z., R. F. Bonsall, D. V. Mavrodi, D. M. Weller, and L. S. Thomashow. 2004. Transformation of Pseudomonas fluorescens with genes for biosynthesis of phenazine-1-carboxylic acid improves biocontrol of Rhizoctonia root rot and in situ antibiotic production. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. (In press).

 


Last Modified: 10/16/2009
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