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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

ISOPP 8

Poisonings by Plants, Mycotoxins and Related Toxins (2009)

Edited by: Franklin Riet-Correa, Jim Pfister, Ana Lucia Schild, and Terrie Wierenga

Published by: CAB International, 2011, 660 pages, ISBN 978-1-84593-833-8

Chapters/Sections

I.  Overview:

  • Caatinga of northeastern Brazil: vegetation and floristic aspects, page 2
  • Toxic plants and mycotoxins affecting cattle and sheep in Uruguay, page 25
  • Poisoning by plants, mycotoxins, and algae in Argentinian livestock, page 35
  • Toxic plants of Cuba, page 43
  • Toxic plants affecting grazing cattle in Colombia, page 50
  • Poisonous plants affecting livestock in Central America, with emphasis on Panama, page 60
  • Plant poisonings in Mato Grosso do Sul, page 68
  • Poisonous plants affecting sheep in southern Brazil, page 73
  • Toxic plants of the State of Piaui, northeastern Brazil, page 79
  • Poisonous plants affecting ruminants in southern Brazil, page 87
  • Recently diagnosed poisonous plants in the Cariri Region, State of Paraiba, Brazil, page 91
  • Poisonous plants on dairy farms of the Caparaó Microregion, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, page 96
  • Ornamental toxic plant species sold in Campina Grande's market, Paraíba, Brazil, page 101
  • Toxic plants grown in gardens in Alto Branco, Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, page 105

II.  The Liver:

  • Brachiaria spp. poisoning in sheep in Brazil: experimental and epidemiological findings, page 110
  • Variation in saponin concentration in Brachiaria brizantha leaves as a function of maturation: preliminary data, page 118
  • Lectin histochemistry on sections of liver and hepatic lymph nodes from sheep grazing on Brachiaria spp., page 124
  • Brachiaria spp. poisoning in ruminants in mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, page 129
  • Practical rules for the differentiation between Brachiaria spp. poisoning and pithomycotoxicosis, page 133
  • Measurement of steroidal saponins in Panicum and Brachiaria grasses in the USA and Brazil, page 142
  • Acute poisoning by Crotalaria spectabilis seeds in pigs of Mato Grosso State, Brazil, page 148
  • Possible association between precipitation and incidence of Senecio spp. poisoning in cattle in southern Brazil, page 154
  • Phenology of Senecio spp. and vegetation cover in Rio Grande do Sul State, southern Brazil, page 158
  • Nutritional implications of pyrrolizidine alkaloid toxicosis, page 163
  • Pyrrolizidine alkaloid poisoning in cattle in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, page 175
  • Seasonal variation in pyrrolizidine alkaloid concentration and plant development in Senecio madagascariensis Poir. (Asteraceae) in Brazil, page 179
  • Buffalo calves intoxicated with Ageratum houstonianum Mill., page 186
  • Evaluation of immunotoxic properties of Senecio brasiliensis: study of toxicity in rats, page 190
  • Hepatic biopsy as a diagnostic tool for detecting Senecio spp. poisoning in live cattle, page 194
  • Poisoning of cattle by Senecio spp. in Uruguay, page 198
  • Risks from plants containing pyrrolizidine alkaloids for livestock and meat quality in northern Australia, page 208
  • Effects of dietary pyrrolizidine (Senecio) alkaloids on copper and vitamin A tissue concentrations in Japanese quail, page 215
  • Poisoning by Cyca revoluta in dogs in Brazil, page 221
  • Natural and experimental poisoning of bovines by Cestrum corymbosum Schltdl. in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, page 227
  • Trema micrantha poisoning in domestic herbivores, page 231

III.  Reproductive System:

  • Plants teratogenic to livestock in the United States, page 236
  • Dose-response evaluation of Veratrum californicum in sheep, page 243
  • Toxic effects of Ipomoea carnea on placental tissue of rats, page 251
  • Chronic heart failure and abortion caused by Tetrapterys spp. in cattle in Brazil, page 256
  • Effects of Senna occidentalis seeds ingested during gestation on kid behavior, page 264
  • Evaluation of the abortification effect of Luffa acutangula Roxb. in rats, page 270
  • Experimental studies of poisoning by Aspidosperma pyrfolium, page 274
  • Determination of teratogenic effects of Aspidosperma pyrifolium ethanolic extract in rats, page 280
  • Effects of gossypol present in cottonseed cake on spermatogenesis in sheep, page 285

IV.  Nervous System:

  • Poisonous plants affecting the nervous system in horses in Brazil, page 290
  • Rational uses of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) and the importance of spontaneous poisoning by the pods in ruminants from Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil, page 295
  • Neonate behavior in goats is affected by material ingestion of Ipomoea carnea, page 302
  • The comparative pathology of locoweed poisoning in horses and other livestock, page 309
  • Sida carpinifolia (Malvaceae) poisoning in herbivores in Rio Grande do Sul, page 311
  • The guinea pig as an animal model for α-mannosideosis, page 315
  • Poisoning by Solanum paniculatum of cattle in the State of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil, page 320
  • The diagnostic significance of detecting Rathayibacter toxicus in the rumen contents and feces of sheep that may be affected by annual ryegrass toxicity, page 325
  • Annual ryegrass toxicity in sheep is not prevented by administration of cyclodextrin via controlled release devices, page 331
  • Secondary toxicity from the ingestion of meat, offal or milk from animals consuming corynetoxins is unlikely, page 337
  • Metabolism of the endophyte toxin lolitrem B in cattle liver microsomes, page 343

V.  Toxic Plants Affecting Other Systems:

  • Further investigations of Xanthoparmelia toxicity in ruminants, page 349
  • Administration of Senna occidentalis seeds to juvenile rats: effects on hematologial parameters and immune lymphoid organs, page 355
  • Mascagnia exotropica poisoning in ruminants, page 362
  • Relationship between a peculiar form of hydropic-vacuolar degeneration of the distal convolute tubules, monofluoroacetate poisoning, and plants that cause 'sudden death' in Brazil, page 365
  • Poisoning by Mascagnia rigida in goats and sheep, page 373
  • Hematological, biochemical, and urinary alterations of enzootic bovine hematuria in dairy cows iin the Caparaó Microregion, Espírito Santo State, Brazil, page 377
  • Upper urinary tract lesions associated with enzootic bovine hematuria, page 384
  • Similarities between non-neoplastic urinary bladder lesions in bovine enzootic hematuria and those induced by radiotherapy in humans, page 388
  • Immunosuppression induced by Pteridium aquilinum facilitates the development of lung carcinogenesis, page 396
  • Outbreak of acute poisoning by bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum) in cattle, page 402
  • Immunosuppressive effects of Pteridium aquilinum on natural killer cells of mice and its prevention with selenium, page 406
  • Toxic nephrosis in cattle from Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil associated with the ingestion of Thiloa glaucocarpa, page 412
  • Osteolathyrism in calves in Uruguay, page 416
  • Cyanide toxicity and interference with diet selection in quail, page 420
  • Toxicity to honey bees from pollen from several plants in northeastern Brazil, page 426
  • Vetch (Vicia villosa) poisoning in cattle in the State of Santa Catarina, page 430
  • Baccharis pteronioides toxicity, page 433
  • Toxicity of Dieffenbachia spp. with a focus on livestock poisoning, page 437
  • Morphological, morphometric, and histochemical analysis of the large intestine of rabbits intoxicated with Solanum glaucophyllum (duraznillo blanco), page 441
  • Enzootic calcinosis of sheep in Uruguay, page 448
  • Enzootic calcinosis in ruminants from central Brazil, page 452
  • Radiographic monitoring of lesions induced by Solanum malacoxylon (Solanaceae) poisoning in rabbits, page 458
  • Spontaneous intoxication by Solanum malacoxylon in Bubalus bubalis in northern pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil, page 462
  • Experimental poisoning by Nierembergia rivularis in sheep of Uruguay, page 465
  • Spontaneous nitrate/nitrite poisoning in cattle fed with oats (Avena sativa) and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, page 469
  • Poisoning of sheep by shells of Jatropha curcas seeds, page 472
  • Toxicology study of ethanolic extract from aerial parts of Jatropha gossypiifolia L. in rats, page 477

VI.  Mycotoxins and Other Toxins:

  • Changes in carbohydrate expression in the cervical spinal cord of mice intoxicated with perivitellin PV2 from Pomacea canaliculata, page 482
  • Zearalenone: an estrogenic mycotoxin with immunotoxic effects, page 489
  • Ethanol poisoning in cattle by ingestion of waste beer yeast in Brazil, page 494
  • Immunotoxic and toxic evaluation of subchronic exposure to saxitoxin in rats, page 499
  • Geitlerinema unigranulatum (cyanobacteria) extract induces alterations in microcirculation and ischemic injury, page 504
  • Production of a saxitoxin standard from cyanobacteria, page 510
  • Differential diagnosis between plant poisonings and snakebites in cattle in Brazil, page 515
  • The use of the guinea pig model in detecting diplodiosis, a neuromycotoxicosis of ruminants, page 520

VII.  Toxic Compounds and Chemical Methods:

  • Acute toxicity of selenium compounds commonly found in selenium-accumulator plants, page 525
  • Agricultural and pharmaceutical applications of Chilean soapbark tree (Quillaja saponaria) saponins, page 532
  • Concentration and effect in mice of the essential oil pulegone from Mentha pulegium, a suspected toxic plant in eastern Uruguay, page 535
  • Effect of MDL-type alkaloids on tall larkspur toxicosis, page 540
  • LC/MS/MS analysis of the daphnane ortoester simplexin in poisonous Pimelea species of Australian rangelands, page 550
  • The physiological effects and toxicokinetics of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi) alkaloids in cattle, page 557
  • Lupine-induced 'crooked calf disease' in Washington and Oregon: identification of the alkaloid profiles of Lupinus sericeus, Lupinus sulphureus, and Lupinus leucophyllus, page 566
  • Comparative study of monocrotaline toxicity on peritoneal macrophage activity when dosed for 14 or 28 days, page 572
  • Effects of lantadenes on mitochondrial bioenergetics, page 577
  • Determination of the relative toxicity of enantiomers with cell-based assays, page 581
  • Rotenoids, neurotoxic principles of seeds from Aeschynomene indica (Leguminosae), page 588
  • Chemistry of Dieffenbachia picta, page 593
  • Alkaloid profiles of Mimosa tenuiflora and associated methods of analysis, page 600
  • Distribution of Delphinium occidentale chemotypes and their potential toxicity, page 606

VIII.  Control Measures:

  • Conditioned aversion induced by Baccharis coridifolia in sheep and cattle, page 613
  • A potential krimpsiekte vaccine, page 617
  • Environmental effects on concentrations of plant secondary compounds: finding a healthy balance, page 623
  • Maintaining aversion to Geigeria ornativa (vermeerbos) in sheep by means of continuous exposure to an aversive mixture presented iin a self-feeder, page 631
  • Conditioned flavor aversion and location avoidance in hamsters from toxic extract of tall larkspur (Delphinium barbeyi), page 637
  • Conditioning taste aversion to Mascagnia rigida (Malpighiaceae) in sheep, page 643
  • Amended method of averting cattle to yellow tulp (Moraea pallida), page 648

IX.  Herbals:

  • Reproductive study of Chenopodium ambrosioides aqeuous extract in rats, page 655
  • Investigation of Cereus jamacaru ethanol extract effects in rats, page 660
  • Marketing of boldo (Plectranthus neochilium and Peumus boldus Molina) by salesmen of medical plants in Campina Grande, Paraíba, page 666
  • Evaluation of hemolytic and spasmolytic activities of Sargassum polyceratium Montagne (Sargassaceae), page 670
  • Investigation of hemolytic and spasmolytic activities of the total alkaloid fraction from root bark of Solanum paludosum Moric. (Solanaceae), page 676
  • Hemolytic and spasmolytic assays of Solanum asterophorum Mart. (Solanaceae), page 683
  • Evaluation of the cytotoxic and spasmolytic activities of Solanum asperum Rich. (Solanaceae), page 691
  • Chemical analysis of toxic principles in preparations of Ruta graveolens and Petiveria alliacea, page 698
  • Antimicrobial effect of an extract of Anacardium occidentale Linn against clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, page 705
  • Evaluation of hepatotoxicity induced by Piper methysticum, page 709
  • Toxic effects of Baccharis trimera on pregnant rats and their conceptuses, page 713
  • Toxicity in mice of the total alkaloid fraction of Chondrodendron platyphyllum, page 720
  • Evaluation of anticholinesterasic activity of strain SPC 920 - Geitlerinema unigranulatum (Oscillatoriales, cyanobacteria), page 725

Last Modified: 3/27/2012