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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Engineering Pubs '90s

 


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1999

Baker, J. E., Dowell, F. E., and Throne, J. E.  1999.  Detection of parasitized rice weevils in wheat kernels with near-infrared spectroscopy.   Biological Control 16:88-90.


Brabec, D.L., Shogren, M.D., and Rousser, R.  1999.  Mixogram analysis guidelines based on mixograph dynamics.   Paper presented at the 1999 AACC Annual Meeting, Seattle , WA . (published in Cereal Foods World, 2002).

Dowell, F. E., Ram, M. S. and Seitz, L. M.  1999.  Predicting scab, vomitoxin, and ergosterol in single wheat kernels using near-infrared spectroscopy.   Cereal Chemistry 76(4)573-576.

Dowell, F. E., Throne, J. E., Wang, D., and Baker, J. E.  1999.  Identifying stored grain insects using near-infrared spectroscopy.   Journal of Economic Entomology 92 (1):165-169.

Fang, Q., Haque, E., Spillman, C.K., Reddy, P.V., and Steele, J.L.  1999.  Energy requirements for size reduction of wheat using a roller mill. Transactions of ASAE 41(6):1713-1720.

Akdogan, H. 1999. Review: High moisture food extrusion. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 34:195-207.

Pasikatan, M.C., Steele, J.L., Spillman, C.K., Haque, E., and Higgins, J.J.   1999.  Representative sampling of first-break ground wheat.   ASAE Paper No. 99-6017.

Pasikatan, M.C., Steele, J.L., Milliken, G.A., Spillman, C.K., and Haque, E.  1999.  Particle size distribution and sieving characteristics of first-break ground wheat.   ASAE Paper No. MC99-129.

Wang, D., Dowell, F. E., and Lacey, R. E.  1999.  Single wheat kernel color classification using neural networks.   Transactions of the ASAE 42(1):233- 240.

Wang, D., Dowell, F. E., and Lacey, R. I. 1999. Single wheat kernel color classification by using near-infrared reflectance spectra.Cereal Chem. 76(1): 30-33

Wang, D., Dowell, F. E., and Lacey, R. E.  1999.  Single wheat kernel size effects on near-infrared reflectance spectra and color classification. Cereal Chemistry 76(1):34-37.

Wang, D., Dowell, F. E., and Lacey, R. E.  1999.  Predicting the number of dominant R alleles in single wheat kernels using visible and near-infrared reflectance spectra.   Cereal Chemistry 76(1):6-8.

Casada , M.E. , and A. Alghannam. 1999. Aerating over-dry grain in the Northwest. Transactions of the ASAE. 42(6):1777-1784.

Pearson, T.C.  1999.  Use of near infrared transmittance to automatically detect almonds with concealed damage.   Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und -Technologie 32(2): 73-78.

Pearson, T.C.  1999.  Spectral properties and effect of drying temperature on almonds with concealed damage.   Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und -Technologies  32(2): 67-72.

Wang, N., Zhang, N., Sun, Y., Peterson, D. E. and Dowell, F. E.   1999.  Development of a spectra-based weed sensor. ASAE Paper No. 993037.  

Chang, C. S. and J. L. Steele. 1997. Performance characteristics of the inlet section of a screw conveyor. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 13(5):627-630.

 

Armstrong, P.R., Stone, M.L., and Brusewitz, G.H. 1997. Peach firmness determination using two different nondestructive vibrational sensing devices. Transactions of the ASAE 40(3):699-703.

 

Pearson, T.C. 1997. Machine vision apparatus and method for sorting objects. United States Patent No. 5,703,784.

 

Dowell, F. E. 1997. Effect of NaOH on visible wavelength spectra of single wheat kernels and color classification efficiency. Cereal Chemistry 74(5):617-620.

 

Dowell, F. E., Steele, J. L., Wang, D., Baker, J. E., Throne, J. E., and Delwiche, S. R. 1997. Automated single wheat kernel quality measurement using near-infrared reflectance. ASAE Paper No. 97-3022.

 

Maghirang , E.B., Paulsen, M.R., Hill, L.D., and Bender, K.L. 1997. Single kernel moisture variation and fungal growth of blended corn. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 13(1):81-89.

 

Blankenship, P.D. and Dowell, F. E. 1997. A diverging belt screen for farmer stock peanuts. Peanut Science 24:37-41.

 

Wang, D., Dowell, F. E., and Lacey, R. E. 1997. Effect of wheat kernel size and orientation on visible and near-infrared reflectance spectra and single wheat kernel color classification. ASAE Paper No. 973023.

 

Armstrong, P.R., Stone, M.L., and Brusewitz, G.H. 1997. Nondestructive acoustic and compression measurements of watermelon for internal damage detection. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 13(5):641-645

 

Xie, F. 1997. Machine Vision Detection of Tetrazolium Staining in Corn. ASAE Paper Number 97-3044.


1998

Stone, M.L., Armstrong, P.R., Brusewitz, G.H., and Maness, N.O. 1998. Peach firmness prediction by multiple location impulse testing. Transactions of the ASAE 41(1):115-119.

 

Pearson, T.C. 1998. Detection and treatment of almonds with concealed damage. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California , Davis.

 

Pearson, T.C. and Schatzki, T.F. 1998. Machine vision system for automated detection of aflatoxin-contaminated pistachios. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 4(6): 2248-2252.

Archibald, D. D. , Thai, C. N., and Dowell, F. E. 1998. Development of short-wavelength near-infrared spectral imaging for grain color classification. SPIE Proceedings, Boston , MA .

 

Dowell, F. E. 1998. Automated color classification of single wheat kernels using visible and near-infrared reflectance. Cereal Chemistry 75(1):142-144.

 

Dowell, F. E., Ram, M. S., Zhang, N., Herrman, T. J., and Seitz, L. M. 1998. Detection of scab in single wheat kernels using NIR spectroscopy. ASAE Paper No. 98-3062.

 

Dowell, F. E., Throne, J. E., and Baker, J. E. 1998. Automated nondestructive detection of internal insect infestation of wheat kernels by using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Economic Entomology 91(4):899-904.

 

Shetty, K.K., M.E. Casada, H. Zhu, M. Thornton, and P. Nolte. 1998. Fresh Pack Potatoes: Handling, Packaging, and Transportation in Refrigerated Railcars. IAES Bulletin 804. 15 pp. Moscow , Idaho : Idaho Agricultural Experiment Station.

 

Pasikatan, M.C., Haque, E., Keller-McNulty, S., Steele, J.L., Fang, Q., Spillman, C.K., and Gao, W. 1998. Single kernel wheat physical properties and first-break grinding. ASAE Paper No. MC98-137.

 

Martin, C., Herrman, T. J., Loughlin, T., and Oentong, S. 1998. Micropycnometer measurement of single-kernel density of healthy, sprouted, and scab-damaged wheats. Cereal Chemistry 75(2):177-180.

 

Throne, J. E., Baker, J. E., and Dowell, F. E. 1998. NIR detects, destroys insect pests. Agricultural Research, May, 1998, page 14.

 

Wang, N., Zhang, N., Dowell, F. E., and Kurtz, J. 1998. Potential use of plant spectral characteristics in weed detection. ASAE Paper No. 98-3059.

 

Whitaker, T.B., Hagler, W.M., Giesbrecht, F.G., Dorner, J.W., Dowell, F.E., and Cole, R.J. 1998. Estimating aflatoxin in farmers' stock peanut lots by measuring aflatoxin in various peanut-grade components. Journal Association Off. Anal. Chem. 81 (1):61-67.

 

Zayas, I. and Flinn, P. W. 1998. Detection of insects in bulk wheat samples with machine vision. Transactions of the ASAE 41(3):883-888. 


1997


Chang, C. S. and J. L. Steele. 1997. Performance characteristics of the inlet section of a screw conveyor. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 13(5):627-630.

 

Armstrong, P.R., Stone, M.L., and Brusewitz, G.H. 1997. Peach firmness determination using two different nondestructive vibrational sensing devices. Transactions of the ASAE 40(3):699-703.

 

Pearson, T.C. 1997. Machine vision apparatus and method for sorting objects. United States Patent No. 5,703,784.

 

Dowell, F. E. 1997. Effect of NaOH on visible wavelength spectra of single wheat kernels and color classification efficiency. Cereal Chemistry 74(5):617-620.

 

Dowell, F. E., Steele, J. L., Wang, D., Baker, J. E., Throne, J. E., and Delwiche, S. R. 1997. Automated single wheat kernel quality measurement using near-infrared reflectance. ASAE Paper No. 97-3022.

 

Maghirang , E.B., Paulsen, M.R., Hill, L.D., and Bender, K.L. 1997. Single kernel moisture variation and fungal growth of blended corn. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 13(1):81-89.

 

Blankenship, P.D. and Dowell, F. E. 1997. A diverging belt screen for farmer stock peanuts. Peanut Science 24:37-41.

 

Wang, D., Dowell, F. E., and Lacey, R. E. 1997. Effect of wheat kernel size and orientation on visible and near-infrared reflectance spectra and single wheat kernel color classification. ASAE Paper No. 973023.

 

Armstrong, P.R., Stone, M.L., and Brusewitz, G.H. 1997. Nondestructive acoustic and compression measurements of watermelon for internal damage detection. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 13(5):641-645

 

Xie, F. 1997. Machine Vision Detection of Tetrazolium Staining in Corn. ASAE Paper Number 97-3044.  

 


1996


Zayas,Y. and Chung, O. K. 1996. Application of machine vision to pup loaf bread evaluation. SPIE 2907:241-252.

 

Zayas, I. Y., Martin, C. R., Steele, J. L., and Katsevich, A. 1996. Wheat classification using image analysis and crush-force parameters. Transactions of the ASAE 39(6):2199-2204.

246 

Martin, C. R. and Steele, J.L. 1996. Evaluation of rotor-crescent design for sensing wheat kernels hardness. Transactions of the ASAE 39(6)-2223-2227.

 

Stone, M.L., Armstrong, P.R., Zhang, X., Brusewitz, G.H., and Chen, D.D. 1996. Watermelon maturity determination in the field using acoustic impulse impedance techniques. Transactions of the ASAE 39(6):2325-2330

 

Timm, E.J., Brown, G.K., and Armstrong, P.R. 1996. Portable instrument for measuring firmness of cherries and berries. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 12(1):71-77.

 

Timm, E.J., Brown, G.K., and Armstrong, P.R. 1996. Apple damage in bulk bins during semi-trailer transport. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 12(3):369-377.

245

Dowell, F.E. 1996. An automated cleaning, pod sizing, shelling, and kernel sizing system for grading farmers stock peanuts. Peanut Science 23:46-54.

243

Pearson, T.C. 1996. Machine vision system for automated detection of stained pistachio nuts.Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft und -Technologies 29(3):203-209.

242

Pearson, T.C. and Slaughter, D.C. 1996. Machine vision detection of early split pistachio nuts. Transactions of the ASAE 39(3): 1203-1207.

241

Pearson, T.C., Slaughter, D.C., and Studer, H.E. 1996. Hull adhesion characteristics of early split and normal pistachio nuts. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 12(2):219-221. Zayas, I. Y. and J. L. Steele. 1996.


1995


 

Peterson, C.L., M.E. Casada, L.M. Safley, Jr. and J.D. Broder. 1995. Potential production of agriculturally produced fuels. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 11(6):767-772.

 

 

Whitaker, T.B. and Dowell F.E. 1995. Sampling methods to measure grade factors of peanuts. Pages. 475-499. In: Advances in Peanut Science, Pattee, H.E. and H.T. Stalker (eds.), American Peanut Research and Ed. Soc., Inc, Stillwater, OK. (Book Chapter)

 

Dowell, F.E., Sheppard, H.T., Dettore, L.A. , and Bennet, C.T. 1995. Density separation sheller for peanut grade samples. Patent No. 5,467,700.

 

238

Zayas, I. Y., Chung, O.K. and Caley, M. 1995. Neural network classification and machine vision for bread crumb grain evaluation. SPIE 2597:292-308.

 

237

Dowell, F.E. and Smith, J.S., Jr. 1995. A note on high moisture content foreign material affects on aflatoxin in storage. Peanut Science 22:166-168.

 

236

Dowell, F.E. 1995. Design, testing, and implementation of a data automation system for the peanut quality inspection process. Peanut Science 22:94-101.

 

235

Chang, C.S. and Steele, J.L.  1995.  Development and evaluation of aeration control strategies for maintaining stored grain quality.  Applied Engineering in Agriculture.  11(4):577-582.

 


1994


Whitaker, T.B., Giesbrecht, F.G., Wu, J., Hagler Jr., W.M., and Dowell, F.E. 1994. Predicting the distribution of aflatoxin test results from farmers' stock peanuts. Journal of the Association of Analytical Chemistry 77 (3):659-666.

 

226

Pearson, T.C., Slaughter D.C. , and Studer, H.E. 1994. Physical properties of pistachio nuts. Transactions of the ASAE 37(3):913-918.

 

Casada , M.E. , and J.H. Young. 1994. Model for heat and moisture transfer in arbitrarily shaped two-dimensional porous media. Transactions of the ASAE. 37(6):1927-1938.

 

Powell, J.H., Sheppard, H.T., and Dowell, F.E. 1994. An automated data collection system for use in grading of farmers' stock peanuts. ASAE Paper No. 946512, 12 pp.

 

Whitaker, T.B, Wu, J., Dowell, F.E., Hagler, W.M., and Giesbrecht, F.G. 1994. Effects of sample size and sample acceptance level on the number of aflatoxin-contaminated farmers stock lots accepted and rejected at the buying point. Journal of the Association of Analytical Chemistry 77 (3):1672-1680.

 

Casada , M.E. , and J.H. Young. 1994. Heat and moisture transfer during transportation of shelled peanuts. Transactions of the ASAE. 37(6):1939-1946.

 

Pearson, T.C. 1994. Separating early split from normal pistachio nuts for removal of nuts contaminated on the tree with aflatoxin. M.S. thesis, University of California , Davis .

230

Dowell, F.E. 1994. Feeder design to eliminate hand injuries on peanut grading equipment. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 10:633-636.

 

229

Dowell, F.E., Meyer, C.R., and Konstance, R.P. 1994. Identification of feasible peanut grading system improvements using systems engineering. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 10(5):717-723.

227

Whitaker, T.B., Dowell, F.E., Hagler Jr., W.M., Giesbrecht, F.G., and Wu, J.  1994.  Variability associated with sampling, sample preparation, and chemical testing for aflatoxin in farmers' stock peanuts.   Journal of the Association of Analytical Chemistry.  77(1):107-116.

 


1993


Dowell, F.E. 1993. Neural network classification of undamaged and damaged peanut kernels using spectral data. ASAE Paper No. 933050, 19 pp.

 

222

Martin, C.R., Rousser, R., and Brabec, D.L. 1993. Development of a single-kernel wheat characterization system. Transactions of the ASAE. 36(5):1399-1404.

 

 

Dowell, F.E., Konstance, R.P., and Meyer, C.R. 1993. A systems engineering approach to improving the peanut grading system. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium of the National Council on Systems Engineering, pp 427-434.

 

Liao, K.M., Paulsen, M.R., Reid, J.F., Ni, B.C., and Bonifacio-Maghirang, E.P. 1993. Corn kernel breakage classification by machine vision using neural network classifier. Transactions of the ASAE 36(6):1949-1953.

 

Dowell, F.E. and Windham , W.R. 1993. UV, VIS , and NIR properties of peanut kernels. ASAE Paper No. 933598, 10 pp.

 

217

Tsai, Y.J., Dowell, F.E., Davidson Jr., J.I., and Cole, R.J. 1993. Accuracy and variability in sampling and grading florunner farmers stock peanuts. Oleagineux 48 (12):511-514.

 

Dowell, F.E., Butts, C.R., and Smith Jr., J.S. 1993. Effect of drying and storage on individual peanut kernel moisture contents. ASAE Paper 936545, 13 pp.

 

Ingraham, T. and Pearson, T.C. 1993. Double plenum air conveyor/accumulator. United States Patent No. 5,222,840.

 


1992


Yie, T.J., Liao, K., Paulsen, M.R., and Maghirang, E.B.  1993.  Corn kernel stress crack detection by machine vision.  ASAE Paper No. 933526.

 

Liao, K., Paulsen, M.R., Reid, J.F., Ni, B., and Bonifacio, E.P. 1992. Corn kernel shape identification by machine vision using neural network classifier. ASAE Paper No. 927017.

 

Dowell, F.E. and Windham , W.R. 1992. Identifying and classifying damaged peanut kernels using ultraviolet, visible, and infrared sensors. SPIE - 1836, Optics in Agriculture, pp. 298-303.

 

Urano, T., Trucksess, M.W., Beaver, R.W., Wilson , D.M., Dorner, J.W. and Dowell, F.E. 1992. Co-occurrence of cyclopiazonic acid and aflatoxins in corn and peanuts. Journal of the Association of Analytical Chemistry 75:838-841.

 

212

Dowell, F.E. 1992. Automatic control of a peanut grade sample inspection system. Food Control 3 (2):105-108.

 

216

Dowell, F.E. 1992. Identifying undamaged and damaged peanut kernels using tristimulus values and spectral reflectance. Transactions of the ASAE 35:931-937.

 

Dowell, F.E. 1992. Sample size effects on measuring grade and dollar value of farmers' stock peanuts. Peanut Science 19:121-126.

 

210

Dowell, F.E., Tsai, Y.J., Dorner, J.W., Cole, R.J., and Davidson Jr., J.I. 1992. Performance of visual and chemical methods in identifying aflatoxin contamination in farmers' stock peanuts. Oleagineux 47 (10): 583-586.

 

Whitaker, T.B., Dorner, J.W., Dowell, F.E., and Giesbrecht, F.G. 1992. Variability associated with chemically testing screened farmers' stock peanuts for aflatoxin. Peanut Science 19:88-91.

Martin, C.R., Rousser, R., and Brabec, D.L.  1992.  Device for singulating particles.  U.S. Patent No. 5,082,141. 

 


1991


Dowell, F.E. 1991. Spectral reflectance characteristics of undamaged and damaged peanut kernels. ASAE Paper Number 913537, 14 pp.

 

Cole, R.J., Dorner, J.W., and Dowell, F.E. 1991. Aflatoxin immunoassays for peanut grading. Pages 158-161 in: Immunoassays for trace chemical analysis, monitoring toxic chemicals in humans, food, and the environment ,Vanderlaan, M., Stanker, L.H., Watkins, B.E. and Roberts, D.W. (eds.), ACS Symposium Series 451, Am. Chem. Soc., Washington , DC . (Book Chapter)

 

207

Dowell, F.E. and Lamb, M.C. 1991. Accuracy and feasibility of determining single peanut kernel moisture content.  Peanut Science.  18:132-136.

 

Martin, C.R., Rousser, R., and Brabec, D.L.  1991.  Rapid, single kernel grain characterization system.  U.S. Patent No., 5005,774.

 


1990

Dowell, F.E. and Powell, J.H. 1990. Damage detection in peanut grade samples using chromaticity and luminance.  Optics in Agriculture.  1379:136-140.

Dowell, F.E. and Powell, J.H. 1990. Automated damage detection in peanut grade samples. ASAE Paper No. 906594, 16 pp.

Dowell, F.E., Dorner, J.W., Cole, R.J., and Davidson Jr., J.I. 1990. Aflatoxin reduction by screening farmers' stock peanuts.  Peanut Science.  17:6-8.

Dowell, F.E. 1990. An intelligent automated system for determining peanut quality. IEEE International Workshop on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS '90, pp. 237-241.

 

Dowell, F.E. 1990. Automated inspection of peanut grade samples. Proceedings of Food Processing Automation Conference, Lexington , KY, May 6-8, pp. 275-280.

Davidson, J.I., Tsai, Y.J., Dowell, F.E., Dorner, J.W., and Cole, R.J. 1990. Comparison of pneumatic and automatic spout samplers to determine grade of farmers stock peanuts. Peanut Science. 18:76-80.

Steele, J. L., D. L. Brabecand D. E. Walker . 1990. Mixograph Instrumentation for Moving Bowl and Fixed Bowl Comparisons of Wheat Flour Performance.Proceedings of the Food Processing Automation Conference, Lexington, KY Pages 224-234.

Chang, C. S. and Hetzel, G. H. 1990. Grain Flow Through Guarded Horizontal Orifices.Trans. of ASAE Winter Meeting, 1990 Paper No. 90-6585.

Chang, C. S., Converse, H. H. and Steele, J. L. 1990. Flow Rates of Grain Through Vertical Orifices.Trans. of ASAE. 33(2):601-606.

Zayas, I. Y. and Steele, J. L. 1990. Image Analysis Applications for Grain Science.  SPIE 1379:151-161.

Zayas, I. , Converse, H. H. and Steele, J. L. 1990. Discrimination of Whole from Broken Corn Kernels with Image Analysis.Trans. of ASAE. 33(5):1642-1646.

Chang, C. S. Converse, H. H. and Steele, J. L. 1990.Flow Rates of Grain Through Various Shapes of Vertical and Horizontal Orifices.Trans. of ASAE Winter Meeting, 1990 Paper No. 90-6584.

Bechtel, D.B., Zayas, I. , Kaleikau, L., and Pomeranz, Y. 1990. Size-Distribution of Wheat Starch Granules During Endosperm Development. Cereal Chemistry.  67(1):59-63.

Zapp, H.R., Elhert, S.H., Brown, G.K., Armstrong, P.R., and Sober S.S. 1990. Advanced instrumentation sphere (IS) for impact measurement. Transactions of the ASAE. 33(3):955-960.

Swetnam, L.D., M.E. Casada, and L.R. Walton. 1990. Airflow through densely packed burley tobacco leaves. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 6(3):334-336.

Chang, C. S., H. H. Converse and J. L. Steele. 1990. Trajectories of Grain Particles From Trough-Type Grain Spreaders.Trans. of the ASAE. 33(2):590-595.

Mathewson, P.R., Zayas, I. and Rousser, R.  1990.  A Simple Mechanical Device for Market Classification of Milled Rice.  American Association of Cereal Chemistry.  35(2):254-257.

 


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