- are related to azaleas, camelias, heathers, and rhododendrons
- are native to North America
- The Native Americans used the fruit both fresh and dried
- USDA breeding programs led by Frederick Coville began in the early 1900's
- top 3 producing states are Michigan, New Jersey, and Oregon
- 1/2 cup of blueberries has only 42 calories
- have more antioxidants than most other fruits and vegetables
- are becoming more popular than ever!
Growing Your Own
- Blueberries are more productive if cross-pollinated, so plant more than one plant.
- Plant in early spring in well-drained soil, in full sun.
- Soil should have high organic content, add peat or compost to planting hole, pH of 4.5-5.0.
- Mulch no deeper than 3" to prevent weeds.
- Fertilize once plants have established themselves in late spring: 1st year 1oz. (30g) per plant, 2nd year 4oz. (120g), add 1oz. (30g) each year after initial planting. You can add 1/2 the yearly amount at bloom and the other half 4-6 weeks later.
- Prune - 1st two years remove the flowers so plants develop a solid root system. Year 3 begin to remove older canes. Late winter/early spring are the best pruning times.