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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Fungal Disease Table 3
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Fungi Isolated From Pearl Millet Seed

Seed source

Fungal isolate

Recognized
pathogen?

Reference

India

Alternaria longissima
Botrytis cinerea
Chaetomium globosum
Drechslera maydis
Curvularia oryzae
Curvularia pallescens
Curvularia penniseti
Curvularia siddiquii
Drechslera hawaiiense
Drechslera longirostrata
Drechslera rostrata (=E. rostratum)
Drechslera tetramera
Epicoccum purpurascens
Fusarium fusarioides
Fusarium equiseti
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium semitectum
Phaeotrichoconis crotalariae
Phoma spp.
Trichoconis padwickii

No
No
No
Possible
Possible
Possible
Yes
Possible
Possible
Possible
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
Possible
No

Mathur et al. (1973)

India (?)

Aternaria alternata
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus terreus
Chaetomium brasiliense
Cladosporium oxysporum
Curvularia lunata
Drechslera australiensis
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium solani
Penicillium cyclopium
Periconia saraswatipunsis
Phoma herbarum
Rhizoctonia bataticola
Syncephalastum racemosum

Possible
No
No
Possible
No
No
Possible
Possible
Yes
Possible
No
No
No
Possible
No

Konde et al. (1980)

India

Drechslera setariae (=B. setariae)

Yes

Shetty et al. (1982)

India (?)

Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus nidulans
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus terreus
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium oxysporum
Fusarium semitectum
Fusarium solani
Penicillium citrinum
Myrothecium roridum
Stachybotrys atra
Trichothecium roseum

No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
No

Girisham et al. (1985)

 

India

Absidia spp.
Alternaria alternata
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus niger
Aspergillus candidus
Aspergillus sulphereus
Aspergillus luchuensis
Aspergillus clavatus
Aspergillus sydowi
Chaetomium globosum
Cunninghamella spp.
Curvularia geniculata
Curvularia pallescens
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium spp.
Geotrichum spp.
Helminthosporium spp.
Penicillium spp.
Rhizopus spp.
Sepedonium spp.
Tubercularia spp.
Mycelia sterilia

No
Possible
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Possible
Possible
Yes
Possible
No
Possible
No
Possible
No
No
No

Mishra & Daradhiyar (1991)

India

Bipolaris sacchari
Bipolaris setariae
Claviceps fusiformis
Curvularia penniseti
Pyricularia penniseti
Sclerospora graminicola
Tolyposporium penicillariae

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

Ahmed and Reddy (1993)

India

Alternaria tenuis
Curvularia lunata
Drechslera sacchari (=B. sacchari)
Exserohilum halodes
Fusarium moniliforme
Phoma spp.

No
Yes
Yes
Possible
Yes
Possible

Ingle and Raut (1994)

Lesotho

Fusarium equiseti

No

Onyike et al. (1991)

Namibia

Fusarium nygamai

No

Marasas et al. (1988)

Nigeria

Fusarium moniliforme

Yes

Onesirosam (1975)

Nigeria

Fusarium chlamydosporum
Fusarium equiseti
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium napiforme
Fusarium nygamai
Fusarium semitectum
Fusarium subglutinans

No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No

Onyike et al. (1991)

USA

Curvularia lunata
Fusarium spp.
Helminthosporium rostratum
Helminthosporium stenospilum
Oidium tenellum

Possible
Possible
Yes
Possible
No

Luttrell (1954)

USA

Alternaria spp.
Aspergillus spp.
Curvularia spp.
Fusarium spp.
Helminthosporium stenospilum
Penicillium
spp.
Pythium spp.
Rhizopus spp.
Trichoderma spp.
Verticillium spp.

No
No
Possible
Possible
Possible
No
Possible
Possible
No
No

Luttrell et al. (1955)

 

USA

Alternaria spp.
Curvularia spp.
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium
spp.
Helminthosporium rostratum
Helminthosporium setariae

No
Possible
Yes
No
Yes
Yes

Wells and Winstead (1965)

USA

Alternaria spp.
Aspergillus flavus
Bipolaris setariae
Cladosporium
spp.
Curvularia spp.
Drechslera dematioidea
Epicoccum
spp.
Exserohilum rostratum
Fusarium chlamydosporum
Fusarium equiseti
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium semitectum
Miscellaneous Fusarium spp.
Gloeocercospora sorghi

"Helminthosporium" spp.
Penicillium spp.
Phyllosticta penicillariae

No
No
Yes
No
Possible
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Possible
No
Yes

Wilson et al. (1993)

Zimbabwe

Fusarium chlamydosporum
Fusarium equiseti
Fusarium moniliforme
Fusarium napiforme
Fusarium nygamai
Fusarium oxysporum
Fusarium semitectum

No
No
Yes
No
No
No
No

Onyike et al. (1991)


Last Modified: 7/21/2010
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