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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Fungal Disease Table 1
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Host range and geographic distribution of Bipolaris species pathogenic to Pennisetum species.

Species

Host range

Geographic distribution

B. australiensis

Chloris, Cymbopogon, Cynodon, Hordeum, Oryza, Pennisetum, Saccharum, Sorghum, Zea

Australia, Egypt, India, Iraq, Japan, Kenya, Libya, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Zimbabwe

B. bicolor

Andropogon, Apluda, Bracharia, Cymbopogon, Eleusine, Eragrostis, Melanocenchris, Oryza, Panicum, Paspalum, Pennisetum, Setaria, Sorghum, Triticum, Urochloa, Zea, Zizania

Australia, Brazil, Canada, East & West Africa, Ethiopia, India, Ivory Coast, Malaysia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Yugoslavia, USA, Zimbabwe

B. cynodontis

Cynodon, Agropyron, Axonopus, Dactyloctenium, Hordeum, Oryza, Panicum, Pennisetum, Triticum, Zea

Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea, India, Israel, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Spain, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Trinidad, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, USA, USSR, Zimbabwe

B. hawaiiensis

Andropogon, Avena, Cenchrus, Chloris, Cynodon, Desmostachya, Digitaria, Eleusine, Hordeum, Oryza, Pennisetum, Saccharum, Setaria, Sorghum, Triticum, Zea

Australia, Burma, Cuba, Ethiopia, Egypt, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, USA (Hawaii), Zambia

B. nodulosa

Digitaria, Eleusine, Eragrostis, Pennisetum

Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Malawi, Mauritius, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philipines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, USA, Zambia, Zimbabwe

B. setariae

Echinochloa, Eleusine, Eragrostis, Panicum, Pennisetum, Setaria

Australia, Europe, America, Ethiopia, India, Sierra Leone, Taiwan, Uganda, Venezuela

B. spicifera

Agrostis, Avena, Cynodon, Cymbopogon, Dactylis, Desmostachya, Eleusine, Holcus, Hordeum, Oryza, Panicum, Pennisetum, Phleum, Poa, Saccharum, Sorghum, Triticum, Zea

Africa, America, Asia, Australia & Oceania, West Indies

B. colocasiae

Cymbopogon, Colocasia, Pennisetum, Triticum/Hordeum

India

B. indica

Panicum, Pennisetum, Portulaca

Australia, India, China, Egypt, South Africa

B. mediocris

Pennisetum

Ethiopia, Guinea, South Africa

B. papendorfii

Pennisetum, Setaria, Sorghum, Triticum

Australia, Egypt, India, Malawi, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Sudan, Zimbabwe

B. sacchari

Cynodon, Saccharum, Panicum, Pennisetum

Africa, America, Asia, Australasia and Oceania, Europe (Italy, Madeira)

B. urochloae

Panicum, Pennisetum, Triticum, Urochloa, Zea

Australia, Ethiopia, India, Pakistan, South Africa, West Germany, Zimbabwe

B. zeae

Alloteropsis, Cenchrus, Imperata, Pennisetum, Triticum, Zea

Australia, Brazil, India

Information derived from Sivanesan (1987). Not all Pennisetum hosts are P. glaucum.


Last Modified: 7/21/2010
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