|Dr. Lewis Ziska -CV|
Lewis H. Ziska
Ph.D.- Plant Physiology,
M.S. - Plant Science,
B.S. - Biology, cum laude,
Five Really Impressive Publications (>100 Total).
Zhu, C., Zeng, Q., McMichael, A., Ebi, K.L., Ni, K., Khan, A.S., Zhu, J., Liu, G., Zhang, X.,
Cheng, L., Ziska L.H. 2015. Historical and experimental evidence for enhanced concentration of artemesinin, a global anti-malarial treatment, with recent and projected increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Climatic Change 132: 295-306.
Ziska, L.H., Bunce, J.A., Shimono, H., Gealy, D.R., Baker, J.T., Newton, P.C.D., Reynolds, M.P., Jagadish, K.S.V., Zhu, C.W, Howden, M., Wilson, L.T. 2012. Food Security and Climate Change: on the potential to adapt global crop production by active selection to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. Proceedings of the Royal Society (B), Published Online, 8th August, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1005.
Ziska, L.H., Gealy, D.R., Tomecek, M.B., Jackson, A.K., Black, H.L. 2012. Recent and projected increases in atmospheric CO2 concentration can enhance gene flow between wild and genetically altered rice (Oryza sativa). PLoS ONE, 7, issue 5, 6 pages (online).
Ziska, L.H., Knowlton, K.,
Ford, L.B., Hedberg, C., Fleetwood, P., Hovanky, K.T., Kavanaugh, T., Fulford, G. Vrtis, R.F., Patz, J.A., Portnoy, J. Coates, F., Bielory, L., Frenz, D. 2011. Recent warming by latitude associated with increased length of ragweed pollen season in central
Mohan, J.E., Ziska, L.H., Schlesinger, W.H., Thomas, R.B., Sicher, R.C., George, K., and J.S. Clark 2006. Biomass and toxicity responses of poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) to elevated atmospheric CO2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103: 9086-9089.
January 2015-Present, Senior Researcher, USDA-ARS, Crop Systems and Global Change Laboratory.
2014-January 2015, Acting National Program Leader, National Program 214, “Agriculture and Industrial Byproducts” and National Program 216, “Agricultural System Competitiveness and Sustainability”.
2005-Present, GS-15, Research Plant Physiologist, USDA-ARS, Crop Systems and Global Change Laboratory.
2003, Acting National Program Leader, NP 204 Global Climate Change and Agriculture, USDA, Beltsville, MD).
2001-2004, GS-14, Plant Physiologist, USDA-ARS, Alternate Crops and Systems Laboratory, Beltsville, MD.
2000-2001, GS-13, Plant Physiologist, USDA-ARS, Alternate Crops and Systems Laboratory, Beltsville, MD.
1999-2000, GS-13, Plant Physiologist, USDA-ARS, Climate Stress Laboratory,
1996-1998, GS-12, Plant Physiologist, Term Appointment, USDA-ARS, Climate Stress Laboratory,
1993-1995, Project Leader, Global Climate Change, International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines.
1991-1993, GS-12, Research Associate, USDA-ARS, Climate Stress Laboratory,
1989-1991, Faculty Research Associate, Department of Botany,
1988-1989, Smithsonian Fellow, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute,
Lead Author, Chapter 7, Food Safety, Nutrition and Distribution, 2016 National Climate Assessment. (In Progress).
Contributor to the IPCC, AR-5, Chapter 7, WG II, Climate Change and Food Security. 2014.
Contributor to Health Chapter of the 2014 National Climate Assessment.
Serving as point of contact for rice production for the United States as part of the Global Research Alliance on climate change and agriculture.
Serving on NCA technical working group for agriculture and public health.
Served on Beltsville Area Diversity Taskforce. Nominated and serving as Committee chair for Science, Technology, Education and Outreach (STEO) Committee. Initiated
Served as USDA representative to the Maryland Commission on Climate Change. Met monthly, produced the document, “Agriculture and Climate Change Adaptation” for State of
Worked with United States Congressional Agricultural Committee and NGOs to pass HR 224, Official acknowledgment of “Pi Day”, recognition of the importance of math and science education, (Passed on
USDA Technical Advisory Committee on updating of the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map 2004-December 2006.
USDA representative to Climate Change Program office’s Ecosystem Interagency Working Group (EIWG) October 2003-December 2003; October 2005-December 2006.
ARS Acting National Program Leader for Global Climate Change (NP 204), 2003.
ARS Global Change National Program Planning Workshop Participant, 1999, 2004,
Grants and Supplemental Funding:
Dr. Ziska received a Smithsonian Fellowship to study the impact of rising carbon dioxide on native plant systems ($19,000), 1988-1989.
Dr. Ziska was co-Principal Investigator (with Dr. J.A. Bunce) for a USDA-NRI grant, “The effect of elevated carbon dioxide and temperature on dark respiration”, Plant Response to the Environment Program for 3 years ($190,000), 1992-1995.
Dr. Ziska received a grant (3 years, $449,000) from the DOE’s program for Ecosystem Research, “Secondary Succession and Species Diversity along a ‘Natural’ Carbon Dioxide and Temperature Gradient”, 2002-2005.
Dr. Ziska received 2 year supplemental funding ($270,000) from the DOE’s program for Ecosystem Research, to continue “Secondary Succession and Species Diversity along a ‘Natural’ Carbon Dioxide and Temperature Gradient”, 2005-2007.
Dr. Ziska received a grant (3 years $95,000) from the National Park Service for Ecosystem Research, “Evaluating Effects of Nitrogen Deposition and Ambient Ozone on an Invasive Plant in the National Capital Region.” (2009-2012).
Dr. Ziska received a sub-award (2 years at $20,000) from Cornell University, from Susan McCouch for work on “Germplasm Evaluation of Rice to Climate Change”, NSF, (2011-2012).
Dr. Ziska received a sub-award from U.S. Forest Service (3 years, $85,000) for work on “Response of Allergenic Weeds to rising CO2 levels”, EPA, (2011-2013).
Dr. Ziska has been invited and accepted over 120 invitations to speak as an advocate on issues related to climate change and plant biology. Dr. Ziska has also been invited and accepted over 25 invitations to be the keynote speaker for a wide array of private and public organizations. University presentations include
Professional Advisory and Consulting Activities
Advised Dr. Michel Camdesus, managing director of the International Monetary Fund, on the response of rice to climate change, 1995.
Advised Professor Norman Borlaug (Nobel Laureate), at the Asian Crop Science Meeting,
Consulted with Professor Jann Conroy,
Consulted with Professor M.A.K. Khalil, Director,
Consulted with Professors Takeshi Kobayashi and Ryuichi Ishii,
Consulted with Professor Jonathan Patz,
Advised Dr. Linda Ford, President of the American Lung Association on the public health threat posed by ragweed pollen production in response to rising carbon dioxide, 2000.
Advised Drs. Rosina Bierbaum, Al Solomon, and Tom Muir, Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), Executive Office of the President, on the impact of rising carbon dioxide on the spread and control of weedy species, 2000.
Consulted with Dr. Grace Brush, Plant Ecologist,
Consulted with Dr. Paul Epstein at the
Advised Dr. David Pimental,
Advised Dr. Achim Dobermann, Deputy-Director General for Research at the International Rice Research Institute on the vulnerability of rice to climate change, 2007.
Advised Dr. Eric Chivian, (Nobel Laureate), School for Health and the Human Environment,
Advised Dr. Jane Langdale, Head of the Department of Plant Sciences,
Advised Dr. Rosina Bierbaum, World Bank Office, on issues related to climate change and food security, 2009.
Advised Dr. Craig Yencho, North Carolina State University on ethanol (biofuel) potential of sweet potato production, 2010.
Advised former Secretary of Agriculture, Dan Glickman on food security and climate change at Oxfam meeting, November 18, 2011.
Advised Oxfam USA, on food security and climate change at board meeting, May 14, 2012.
Advised Monsanto on Climate Change, CO2 and Chemical Weed Management, February 6, 2013.
Advised NordGen (Global Seed Vault) on climate change and genetic diversity of cereals, February, 2014.
Worked with the Aspen Institute on U.S. Food Insecurity & Healthcare Costs, 2014-2015.
Reviewed proposals for the following organizations:
National Science Foundation Programs in
Population Biology and Physiological Ecology
USDA Competitive Grants, Programs in
Plant Responses to the Environment
DOE Competitive Grants:
NASA/NIFA Land Carbon Panel.
IPCC-AR5 (Inter-governmental Panel on Cliamte Change, Fifth Assessment Report), WGII, Contributor to Chapter 7, Climate Change and Food Security.
Review Manuscripts for:
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Annals of Botany, Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, Agronomy Journal, Crop Science, Environmental and Experimental Biology, Environmental Health Perspectives, Field Crops Research, Functional Plant Biology, Global Change Biology, Journal of Cereal Science, Journal of Experimental Biology, Nature, Nature Climate Change, New Phytologist, Oecologia, Photosynthesis Research, Physiologia Plantarum, Plant,Cell and Environment, Proceeding of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.), Tree Physiology (editorial review board member, 2000), Weed Science, Weed Technology.
Global Food Security, Elsevier since 2012.
Recent Press Contacts (Last 5 years).
“The Hidden Hunger Caused By Climate Change” Reuters,
“Poison Ivy Growing Faster, More Virulent”, National Public Radio,
“Sixteen Geniuses who are Changing the World”, Esquire Magazine, December 2010.
“What Can We Do About the Rise of Hunger and Unrest”, Psychology Today, January 2011.
“Climate Change Linked to Longer Pollen Season”, USA Today, February 21, 2011.
“Climate Change Extends Allergy Season in North America”, Scientific American, February 21, 2011.
“Rising CO2 Promotes Weedy Rice”, Science News, May 25, 2012.
“Finding Flavor in the Weeds”, New York Times, June 6, 2012.
“Strategies for a Changing Planet”, Popular Science, July 11, 2012.
“Melting Arctic Ice will Make Way for more Ships and Species Invasions”, Scientific American, March
“Climate Change will Strengthen Pests, Weaken Crops”, Huffington Post, May 9, 2014.
“How Weeds could help Feed Billions”, Christian Science Monitor, June 12, 2014.
“Kudzu that ate U.S. South Heads North as Climate Changes”, Bloomberg News, July 7, 2014.
“Understanding the Relationship between Climate Change and Human Health”, New York Times, July
“What Climate Change Feels Like: A More Toxic Poison Ivy”, New York Times, December 7, 2015.
Peer-Reviewed Publications (last 5 years)
Ziska, L.H., Tomecek, M., and D.R. Gealy 2010. Competitive interactions between cultivated and red
rice as a function of recent and projected increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide. Agronomy Journal
Hellman, J.J., Nadelhoffer, K.J., Iverson, L.R., Ziska, L.H., Matthews, S.N., Myers, P., Prasad, A.M.,
Peters, M.P. 2010. Climate change impacts on terrestrial ecosystems in metropolitan
surrounding multi-state region. Journal of
Wolf, J., O’Neill, N.R.,
dioxide concentrations amplify Alternaria alternata sporulation and total antigen production.
Environmental Health Perspectives 118:1223-1228.
Ziska, L.H. 2010. Elevated carbon dioxide alters chemical management of Canada thistle in no-till
soybean. Field Crops Research 119:299-303.
Bradley, B.A., D.M. Blumenthal, D.S. Wilcove, and L.H. Ziska. 2010. Predicting plant invasions in an
era of global change. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25:310-318.
Ziska, L.H., Blumenthal, D.M., Runion, G.B., Hunt Jr., E.R., and H. Diaz-Soltero. 2010. Invasive species
and climate change: an agronomic perspective. Climatic Change. 105:13-42.
Ziska, L.H., Knowlton, K. ,
G., Vrtis, R., Patz, J., Portnoy, J.M., Coates, F.A., Bielory, L. and D.A. Frenz. 2011. Recent warming by
latitude associated with increased length of ragweed pollen season in North America. Proceedings of the
National Academy of Science, (USA), 108: 4248-4251.
Valerio, M., Tomecek, M.B., Lovelli, S., Ziska, L.H. 2011. Quantifying the effect of drought on carbon
dioxide-induced changes in competition between a C3 crop (tomato) and a C4 weed (Amaranthus
retroflexus). Weed Research 51:591-600.
Hatfield, J.L., Boote, K.J., Kimball, B.A., Ziska, L.H., Izaurralde, R.C., Ort, D., Thomson A.M., and D.
Wolfe. 2011. Climate impacts on agriculture: Implications for crop production. Agronomy Journal 103:
Ziska, L.H., Blumenthal, D.M., Runion, G.B., Hunt Jr., E.R., Diaz-Soltero, H. 2011. Invasive species and
climate change: an agronomic perspective. Climatic Change 105:13-42.
Ziska, L.H., Beggs, P.J. 2012. Anthropogenic climate change and allergen exposure: The role of plant
biology. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 129:27-32
Ziska, L.H., Gealy, D.R., Tomecek, M.B., Jackson, A.K., Black, H.L. 2012. Recent and projected
increases in atmospheric CO2 concentration can enhance gene flow between wild and genetically altered
rice (Oryza sativa). PLoS ONE, 7, issue 5, 6 pages (online).
Zhu C., Ziska, L.H., Zhu, J., Zeng, Q., Xie, Z., Tang, H., Jia, X., Hasegawa, T. 2012. The temporal and species dynamics of photosynthetic acclimation in flag leaves of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under elevated carbon dioxide. Physiologia Plantarum 145:395-405.
Ziska, L.H., Beggs, P.J. 2012. Anthropogenic climate change and allergen exposure: The role of plant biology. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 129:27-32.
Ziska LH, Bunce JA, Shimono H, Gealy DR, Baker JT, Newton PC, Reynolds MP, Jagadish KS,
Zhu CW, Howden M, Wilson LT. 2012. Food security and climate change: On the potential to adapt
global crop production by active selection to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. Proceedings of the Royal
Society (B) 279:4097-4105.
Zhu, C., Ziska, L.H., Sakai, H., Zhu, J., Hasegawa T. 2013. Vulnerability of lodging risk to elevated CO2
and increased soil temperature differs between rice cultivars. European Journal of Agronomy 46:20-24.
Ziska, L.H. 2013. Observed changes in soyabean growth and seed yield from Abutilon theophrasti
competition as a function of carbon dioxide concentration. Weed Research 53: 140–145.
Valerio, M., Tomecek, M, Lovelli, S, Ziska, L.H. 2013. Assessing the impact of increasing carbon
dioxide and temperature on crop-weed interactions for tomato and a C3 and C4 weed species. European
Journal of Agronomy 50: 60-65.
Ziska, L.H., Tomecek, M., Gealy, D.R. 2014. Assessment of cultivated and wild, weedy rice lines to
concurrent changes in CO2 concentration and air temperature: determining traits for enhanced seed yield
with increasing atmospheric CO2. Functional Plant Biology 41: 236-243.
Ziska, L.H. 2014. Increasing Minimum Daily Temperatures Are Associated with Enhanced Pesticide Use in Cultivated Soybean along a Latitudinal Gradient in the Mid-Western United States. PloS One 9: e98516.
Zhu, C., Zhu, J., Cao, J., Jiang, Q., Liu, G., Ziska L.H. 2014 Biochemical and molecular characteristics of leaf photosynthesis and relative seed yield of two contrasting rice cultivars in response to elevated [CO2]. Journal of Experimental Botany 65: 6049-6056.
Ziska, L.H., Tomecek, M.B., Valerio, M., Thompson, J.P. 2015. Evidence for recent evolution in an invasive species, Microstegium vimineum, Japanese stiltgrass. Weed Research 55: 260-267.
Ziska, L.H., Gealy, D.R., Burgos, N., Caicedo, A.L., Gressel, J. Lawton-Rauh, A.L.,Avila, L.A., Theisen, G., Norsworthy, J., Ferrero, A., Vidotto, F., Johnson, D.E., Ferreira, F.G., Marchesan, E., Menezes, V., Cohn, M.A., Linscombe, S., Carmona, L., Tang, R., Merotto, A. 2015. Weedy (red) rice: An emerging constraint to global rice production. Advances in Agronomy 129: 181-228.
Chen, C., Jiang, Q., Ziska, L.H., Zhu, J., Liu, G., Zhang, J., Ni, K., Seneweera, S. Zhu, C. 2015. Seed
vigor of contrasting rice cultivars in response to elevated carbon dioxide. Field Crops Research, 178, 63
Zhu, C., Zeng, Q., McMichael, A., Ebi, K.L., Ni, K., Khan, A.S., Zhu, J., Liu, G., Zhang, X., Cheng, L.
Ziska, L.H. 2015. Historical and experimental evidence for enhanced concentration of artemesinin, a
global anti-malarial treatment, with recent and projected increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide.
Climatic Change 132: 295-306.
Ziska, L.H. 2010. Global Climate Change and Carbon Dioxide: Assessing Weed Biology and
Management. In: Handbook of climate change and agro-ecosystems: Impacts, adaptation and mitigation.
(eds., Rosenzweig C, Hillel D), World Scientific Publishing,
Ziska, L.H. 2011. Climate change, carbon dioxide and global crop production: food security and
uncertainty. In: Handbook on Climate Change and Agriculture. (eds., Dinar, A., Mendelsohn, R), Edward
Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, pages 9-31.
Barnaby, JY, Ziska, L.H. 2012. Plant Responses to Elevated CO2. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, Wiley
Press, DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0023718 (On-Line Chapter).
Thompson, JP, Ziska, L.H. 2014. Communicating the dynamic complexities of climate and ecology:
Species invasion and resource changes. In: Invasive Species and Global Climate Change. (ed., Ziska,
L.H., Dukes, J.S.), CABi Publishing, Oxfordshire, UK, pages 9-21.
Ziska, L.H. 2014. Climate, CO2 and invasive weed management. In: Invasive Species and GlobalClimate
Change. (ed., Ziska, L.H., Dukes, J.S.), CABi Publishing, Oxfordshire, UK, pages 293-304.
Weed Biology and Climate Change. 2011. L.H. Ziska, and J.S. Dukes. Wiley-Blackwell, 248 pages.
Invasive Species and Climate Change. 2014. L.H. Ziska, and J.S. Dukes, eds.. CABi Press, 368 pages.