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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service


                        Kirk E. Anderson

                        Lead Scientist, Molecular/Microbial Ecologist

                        Carl Hayden Bee Research Center

                        2000 E. Allen Road,

                        Tucson, AZ 85719

                        520- 670-6380 ext. 122 (Office)

                        520-670-6493 (FAX)




Kirk E. Anderson Curriculum Vitae

Current position: Lead Scientist, Molecular/Microbial Ecologist

ARS-USDA, Carl Hayden Bee Research Center

Department of Entomology and Center for Insect Science, University of Arizona



Ph.D.   2006   Arizona State University, Biology

M.S.    2002   Boise State University, Biology

B.A.    1997   Boise State University, Biology


Professional experience

2013-present: Lead Scientist, USDA-ARS, Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, Tucson, AZ.

2009-present: Microbial Ecologist, USDA-ARS, Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, Tucson, AZ.

2010- present: Adjunct Scientist, Dept. of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

2010-present: Member of the Center for Insect Science, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

2009: Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Biology, Pima Community College, Tucson, AZ.

2006-2009: NIH funded Post-Doctoral Fellow, Dept. of Entomology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

2005-2006: Research Specialist, Center for Social Complexity, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

2005: Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Biology, Scottsdale Community College, Scottsdale, AZ.

2004-2005: Teaching Associate, Center for Social Complexity, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

2002-2004: Graduate Research Associate, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ.

1998-2001: Graduate Teaching Assistant, Dept. of Biology, Boise State University, Boise ID.



2015      National Honey Board, Co-PI: Quinn McFrederick $20,000.00

2014      ARS-USDA National Grant: Longitudinal Studies of Migratory Honey bees $140,000.00

2013      California State Beekeepers Association, Co-PI: Randy Oliver $14,740.00

2013      National Honey Board, Co-PI: Vanessa Corby-Harris $24,800.00

2009      NIH (IRACDA) award: Post-doc funding for Svetlana Vojvodic $138,000.00

2006      NIH Institutional Research and Academic Career Award (IRACDA) $146,000.00

2004      NSF Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant $10,850.00

2003      Ecological Society of America, Desert Ecology-Forrest Shreve Award $862.00

2003      Arizona State University departmental travel grant $300.00

2001      Boise State University departmental research grant $500.00

2000      Sigma Xi Grant-in-aid of research $1,000.00


Awards/ Honors/ Recognition

2015     Early Career Scientist of the Year, Pacific West Area, USDA-ARS

2015     Nature Article: “Microbiome: The Puzzle in a Bees Gut” by Alla Katsnelson

2003     Best Presentation, Tenth Annual Hexapodium, University of Arizona

2000     Teaching Assistant of the Year, Boise State University, Biology Department


Peer reviewed publications

Meikle W.G., M. Weiss, P. Maes, W. Fitz, T. Sheehan, L.A. Snyder, B.M. Mott and K.E. Anderson. 2015. Continuous monitoring of hive-level physiology during overwintering reveals landscape-related differences in a large US migratory beekeeping operation. PLoS ONE. In review.


Anderson K.E., T. Sheehan, L. Snyder, V. Corby-Harris, P. Maes, W. Fitz, P.A.P. Rodriguez and B.M. Mott. 2015. Beyond Nosema: Honey bee fungal communities revealed by culturing, qPCR and ITS amplicon sequencing. FEMS Microbial Ecology.  In review.


Corby-Harris V., C.A.D. Meador, L.A. Snyder, M.R. Schwan, P. Maes, B.M. Jones, A. Walton, and K.E. Anderson. 2015.  Starvation up-regulated degradation of honey bee (Apis mellifera) hypopharyngeal glands is an active process controlled by ecdysteroid signaling. Journal of Experimental Biology. In review.


Anderson K.E., P.A.P. Rodrigues, B.M. Mott, P. Maes, and V. Corby-Harris.  2015. Ecological succession in the honey bee gut: Shift in Lactobacillus strain dominance during early adult development. Microbial Ecology. In revision.


Vojvodic S., B.R. Johnson, B. Harpur, C. Kent, A. Zayed, K.E. Anderson, T.A. Linksvayer. 2015. The genomic signature of social interactions regulating honey bee caste development. Ecology and Evolution. In press.


Mott B.M., J. Gadau and K.E. Anderson. 2015. Phylogeography of Pogonomyrmex barbatus and P. rugosus harvester ants with genetic and environmental caste determination. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1507


Anderson K.E., M.J. Carroll, T. Sheehan, B.M. Mott, P. Maes, and V. Corby-Harris.  2014. Hive-stored pollen of honey bees: Many lines of evidence are consistent with pollen preservation, not nutrient conversion. Molecular Ecology. doi: 10.11aa11/mec.12966


Corby-Harris V., L. Snyder, M. Schwan, P. Maes, Q. McFrederick, and K.E. Anderson. 2014 Origin and effect of Acetobacteraceae Alpha 2.2 in honey bee larvae and description of Parasaccharibacter apium, gen. nov., sp. nov. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02043-14


Corby-Harris V., P. Maes, and K.E. Anderson. 2014.  The Bacterial Communities Associated with Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Foragers. PLoS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095056


Eckholm B.J., K.E. Anderson, M. Huang, B.M. Mott, and G. DeGrandi-Hoffman. 2014.  Honey bee (Apis mellifera) intracolonial genetic diversity influences worker nutritional status. Apidologie. doi: 10.1007/s13592-014-0311-4


Corby-Harris V., B.M. Jones, A. Walton, M.R. Schwan and K.E. Anderson. 2014. Transcriptional markers of sub-optimal nutrition in developing Apis mellifera nurse workers. BMC Genomics, doi:10.1186/1471-2164-15-134.


Anderson K.E., T. Sheehan, B.M. Mott, P. Maes, L. Snyder, M. Schwan, A. Walton, B. Jones, and V. Corby-Harris. 2013. Microbial ecology of the hive and pollination landscape: Bacterial associates from floral nectar, the alimentary tract and stored food of honey bees (Apis mellifera). PLoS ONE. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083125


Anderson K.E., A. Johansson, T.H. Sheehan, B.M. Mott, V. Corby-Harris, L. Johnstone, R. Sprissler and W. Fitz. 2013. Draft genome sequences of two Bifidobacterium sp. from the honey bee (Apis mellifera). Gut Pathogens 5:42. doi:10.1186/1757-4749-5-42 


Vojvodic S., S.M. Rehan and K.E. Anderson. 2013. Microbial gut diversity of Africanized and European honey bee larval instars. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072106


Anderson K.E., J.A. Russell, C.S. Moreau, S. Kautz, K.E. Sullam, Y. Hu, U. Basinger, B.M. Mott, N. Buck, and D. E. Wheeler. 2012. Highly similar microbial communities are shared among related and trophically similar ant species. Molecular Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05464.x Selected for "News and Views" coverage. (Cover story) 


Anderson K.E., T.H. Sheehan, B.M. Mott, B.J. Eckholm and G. DeGrandi-Hoffman. 2011. An emerging paradigm of colony health: microbial balance of the honey bee and hive (Apis mellifera). Insectes Sociaux. 58:431–444. 


Anderson K.E., D.E. Wheeler, K. Yang and T.A. Linksvayer. 2011.  Dynamics of an ant–ant obligate mutualism: colony growth, density dependence and frequency dependence. Molecular Ecology. 20:1781–1793. (Cover story) 


Eckholm B.J., K.E. Anderson, M. Weiss, G. DeGrandi-Hoffman. 2010. Intracolonial genetic diversity in honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies increases pollen foraging efficiency. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 65:1037-1044. 


Anderson K.E., S.L. Zeltzer, R.P. Overson and W.H. Clark. 2010. Identification of cryptic hosts for two inquiline parasites of the seed-harvester ant Pogonomyrmex and new localities for P. anergismus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Southwestern Naturalist 55:532-538.


Curry M.M., D.E. Wheeler, K. Yang and K.E. Anderson. 2010. The potential for gene flow in a dependent lineage system of a Harvester ant: Fair meiosis in the F1 generation. Journal of Heredity. 101:378-384. 


Anderson K.E., C.R. Smith, T.A. Linksvayer, B.M. Mott, J. Gadau, and J.H. Fewell. 2009. Modeling the maintenance of a dependent lineage system:  The influence of positive frequency-dependent selection on sex ratio. Evolution. 63:2142-2152. 


Smith C.R., K.E. Anderson, C.V. Tillberg, J. Gadau and A.V. Suarez. 2008. Caste determination in a polymorphic social insect: nutritional, social, and genetic factors. The American Naturalist. 172: 497–507.  


Anderson K.E., S.J. Novak and J.F. Smith. 2008. Populations composed entirely of hybrid colonies: Bidirectional hybridization and polyandry in Harvester ants.  Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 95:320-336.  


Anderson K.E., T.A. Linksvayer, and C.R. Smith. 2008. The causes and consequences of genetic caste determination in ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News 11:119-132. (Invited review).


Smith C.R., C. Schoenick, K.E. Anderson, J. Gadau, and A.V. Suarez. 2007. Potential and actual reproduction by different worker castes in queen-less and queen-right colonies of Pogonomyrmex badius. Insectes Sociaux 54:260-267.


Anderson K.E., J. Gadau, B.M. Mott, A. Altimirano, R.A. Johnson, C. Strehl and J.H. Fewell. 2006. Distribution and evolution of genetic caste determination in Pogonomyrmex seed-harvester ants. Ecology 87:2171-2184. Contribution to a special feature; Evolutionary Ecology of Hybrid Ants (Invited).


Anderson K.E., B. Hölldobler, B.M. Mott, J.H. Fewell, and J. Gadau.  2006. Population-wide lineage frequencies predict genetic load in the seed-harvester ant Pogonomyrmex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA. 103:13433-13438.  


Harrison J.F., J.H. Fewell, K.E. Anderson and J. Loper. 2006.  Environmental physiology of the invasion of the Americas by Africanized honeybees. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 46:1110-1122.


Anderson K.E. and A.C. Keyel. 2006. Mating flight, metrosis and semi-claustrality in the seed-harvester ant Pogonomyrmex salinus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insectes Sociaux 53:92-96.


Clark R.M., K.E. Anderson, J. Gadau and J.H. Fewell. 2006. Behavioral regulation of genetic caste determination in a Pogonomyrmex population with dependent lineages. Ecology 87:2201-2206. Contribution to a special feature; Evolutionary Ecology of Hybrid Ants (Invited).


Anderson K.E. and J.C. Munger.  2003. Effect of temperature on brood relocation in Pogonomyrmex salinus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Western North American Naturalist 63:122-128.


Professional activities

2014- Symposium organizer with Dr. Benjamin Dainat and Jay Evans.  International union for the study of social insects Title: Social insect host-microbe interactions. Cairns, Australia.

2014- Symposium organizer with Cara Gibson. Entomological Society of America Pacific Branch, Title: The Spectrum of Insect Symbioses. Tucson, AZ  

2012- Review panelist for the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative, Fellowships Grant Program, National Institute of Food and Agriculture

2010- Symposium organizer with Angela Douglas. Entomological Society of America, Title: Diversity and Function of Microbial Symbioses in Solitary and Social Insects. San Diego, CA.

2009- Workshop:  Past-Present-Future of Ant Genomics, Organized by the Center for Social Dynamics and Complexity, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.

2007- Workshop: Pedagogy, Insects as Teaching Models in the Undergraduate Laboratory, Center for Insect Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

2006- Workshop: Social Insects as Model Systems for Evo-Devo, Organized by the Center for Social Dynamics and Complexity, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.

Present member: Entomological Society of America, International Union for the Study of Social Insects, Society for the Study of Evolution, Ecological Society of America, Animal Behavior Society.


Graduate and post-doc mentorship

2013-present PhD advisor, University of Arizona, Student: Patrick Maes                         

2012-present PhD advisor, University of Arizona, Student: William Fitz

2010-2015: Post-doc supervisor, USDA-ARS, Vanessa Corby-Harris

2010-present: PhD committee member, University of Arizona, Student: Pedro Rodrigues

2009-2012: Post-doc advisor, University of Arizona, PERT post-doctoral program, Svetlana Vojvodic

2007-2012:  PhD committee member, University of Arizona, Student: Bruce Eckholm

2006-2010: MS committee member, Arizona State University: Student: Brendon Mott


Recent Invited Presentations

Anderson K.E. 2015. The honey bee hygienesphere: Hive-adapted bacterial communities associated with nutrition, pollen preservation, and larval rearing. Annual Convention, California State Beekeepers Association, Sacremento, CA.

Maes P.M. and K.E. Anderson 2015. Pollen supplement: The affect of open dry feeding on bacterial communities. Annual Convention, California State Beekeepers Association, Sacremento, CA.

Fitz W. and K.E. Anderson 2015. Exploring multiple factors associated with landscape differences and overwintering loss in a migratory setting. Annual Convention, California State Beekeepers Association, Sacremento, CA.

Anderson K.E. and Corby-Harris V. 2015. How do we get there from here? Using big data as a roadmap to understand migratory beekeeping. American Beekeeping Federation, Anaheim, CA.

Corby-Harris V. and Anderson K.E. 2015. Probiotic use of Parasaccharibacter apium for improving honey bee colony health. American Honey Producers Association, Manhattan Beach, CA.

Anderson K.E. 2014. Beebread: The myth, the math, the microbes. Annual Convention, California State Beekeepers Association, Valencia, CA.

Maes P. M. and Anderson K.E. 2014. Pollen supplement: The pros and cons of open dry feeding. Annual Convention, California State Beekeepers Association, Valencia, CA.

Anderson K.E. 2014. Seasonal shifts in the bacterial community structure of newly-collected and hive-stored pollen of honey bees (Apis mellifera). 62nd Annual Entomological Society, Portland OR.

Anderson K.E. 2014. Preservation and degradation in stored pollen of honey bees. International Union for the Study of Social Insects, Cairns, Australia.

Anderson K.E. 2013. Microbial transmission and the pollination landscape: Bacterial associates from flowers, the alimentary tract, and food stores of honey bees (Apis mellifera) 61st Annual Entomological Society. Austin, TX

Anderson K.E. 2012. The honey bee microbiome: Niche, pathogen defense and genome function. Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, College Station, PA. 

Anderson K.E. 2011. Functional diversity of honey bee (Apis mellifera) associated acidophilic bacterial genomes. 59th Annual Entomological Society, Reno, NV.

Anderson K.E. 2010. Microbial ecology of social insects with an emphasis on the Honey bee. Northwest Corner Beekeepers Conference, Hood River OR.

Anderson K.E. 2009. The complex microbial communities of honeybee colonies: A model system for functional metagenomics. NIH-IRACDA Conference. San Francisco, CA.

Last Modified: 9/3/2015
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