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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Rice Breeding and Pathology Recent Accomplishments
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Release of 'SABINE' Rice

Presidio - A New Early Season Long Grain Variety

A New Market for An Old Rice

 


Release of 'SABINE' Rice

Developing rice cultivars that have improved yield potential and which meet the cooking quality standards of rice end-users helps to provide consumers with food products that are inexpensive, nutritious, and of high quality. 'Sabine' is a new long-grain rice cultivar that has been developed for use by the parboiling and canning industries which provide rice that is used by restaurants, in packaged seasoned rice products, and in canned rice products (i.e. soups). It was developed at the Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center at Beaumont, TX, by the USDA-ARS Rice Research Unit in cooperation with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, the Texas Rice Improvement Association, and the Texas Rice Research Foundation. Foundation seed will be available for planting in 2005. Sabine has a 15-20% higher yield potential than other cultivars grown for this market. This will reduce the per-unit cost of production and will benefit farmers, millers, and processors.

Production of Sabine Rice at Beaumont, TX 2004 

 

For further information contact: Dr. Anna McClung anna.mcclung@ars.usda.gov

 


Presidio - A New Early Season Long Grain Variety

Presidio (TX9092) is a new semidwarf long grain variety that was developed at the Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center at Beaumont, TX, by the USDA-ARS Rice Research Unit in cooperation with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, the Texas Rice Improvement Association, and the Texas Rice Research Foundation. It was developed from a cross between a sibling of Jefferson and an F1 hybrid of Maybelle and Rosemont that was made in 1993. The objective of the cross was to maintain the plant type and disease resistance package of Jefferson while improving the milling quality. Presidio has been tested throughout the southern US since 1993 in the Uniform Rice Regional Nursery. It has proven to have similar maturity and height as Cocodrie but has main crop yield that is about 8% lower than Cocodrie. However, Presidio has proven to have very high ratoon crop yield, averaging 3019 lb/ac which is over 900 lb/ac better than Cocodrie. In addition, Presidio’s milling yield has been very high, averaging the same as Cypress (62/70), which is about 2 percentage points higher than Cocodrie. The grain length of Presidio is slightly longer than Cocodrie which is considered a desirable attribute by the milling industry. Its resistance to blast and sheath blight diseases is also very strong and similar to Jefferson indicating that in most cases fungicides would not be needed. It is expected that Presidio will particularly benefit producers interested an early season cultivar with strong ratoon crop potential. Foundation seed has been produced by the Texas Rice Improvement Association and is available for the 2005 field season.

 

For further information contact: Dr. Anna McClung anna.mcclung@ars.usda.gov

 


A New Market for An Old Rice

Heirloom crops are believed to be some of the earliest strains of cultivars that were grown in the country. There is a new interest in reviving some of these strains to see if they possess useful traits that newer, more highly selected varieties may have lost. Carolina Gold is believed to be one of the first rice cultivars grown in the United States. It was used to establish a lucrative rice industry in the Carolinas in the 1600's. Researchers at the ARS Rice Research Unit in Beaumont, TX have obtained one of the original samples of Carolina Gold and have purified it for use by authentic historical cuisine market. In addition to looking for uniform plant traits, researchers used molecular fingerprint markers to purify the rice. This cultivar is called Carolina Gold Select and will be primarily used by upscale restaurants interested in using authentic ingredients called for in historical recipes.

Organically produced foundation seed of Carolina Gold Select.

For further information contact: Dr. Anna McClung anna.mcclung@ars.usda.gov


Last Modified: 11/7/2005
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