The New Crops research program seeks to develop agricultural diversification in semiarid and arid regions through the commercialization of new crops adapted to low water requirements. These crops can provide renewable and unique industrial materials and can also replace existing crops whose cultivation has become unprofitable. Basic and applied research is conducted to improve available germplasm through selection and breeding techniques. New techniques on gene transfer and genetic engineering are also being utilized. In addition, appropriate cultural management practices are being developed for the eventual economical commercialization of the new crops. Within this scope, studies are being conducted on the effects of environmental factors on plant growth, yield and product quality, bioregulation and biosynthesis, and metabolic pathways and their genetic regulations.