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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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INSECTARY

Commodity Protection and Quality Research Unit
San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center
USDA, Agricultural Research Service
9611 S. Riverbend Ave.
Parlier, CA 93648

Insect Rearing Technician:  Gail Sergent, Biological Technician (2008 to present)

Insectary Manager:  J.  Steven Tebbets, M.A., Entomologist (1995 to present)

Former Rearing Technicians:  Shirley May, Biological Technician (1997-2008)
                                              Rodney Fries, Biological Technician (1967-1997)

Former Insectary Managers:  Charles E. Curtis, Ph. D., Research Entomologist
                                           
   (1967-1995)


Links to Species List and Diets, etc.

Please, see the SPECIES LIST below for a listing of species grown in our laboratory with links to the rearing procedure for each.

Please, see DIETS LIST below for a list of the meridic diets used with links to recipes and procedures.

Also check out  BIOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS  -  We plan to expand this section by posting information such as rearing tips and techniques, materials and methods used in the insectary, egg sterilization procedures, larval head capsules (instars), sex determination, etc.

 

Description and Statement of Containment Level

The insectary is located at the USDA, ARS, San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center in Parlier, CA.  Containment level of the facility may be considered ACL-2*.  The facility is housed in an isolated building constructed of double-thick cinderblock walls.  There are primary and secondary entrances and access is limited to authorized personnel only.  Typically, two to three persons.

The insectary was established in 1967 at the Stored Products Insect Research Laboratory, USDA ARS, at 5578 Air Terminal Drive in Fresno, CA.  The first insect colonies were moth and beetle species of stored-product pests.  These were obtained from other USDA laboratories in the United States and from warehouses in the regions of central California.  In 1985 the laboratory and insectary were relocated to 2021 S. Peach Ave.

In 2001, the laboratory and insectary were once again relocated to a new facility in Parlier, CA at the San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center under the Commodity Protection and Quality Research Unit - its current location.

We maintain about 17 species of pestiferous arthropods on meridic diets with all species reared on a full-time, continual basis.  Transient or seasonal species are also grown as needed and are either field-collected or obtained from other insectaries.  At any one time, we may grow from 7 to 8 lepidopterous species and 10 to 12 species of Coleoptera.    The continuous or perpetual colonies are reared on nine different meridic diets.

The facility is approximately 1,800 sq. ft. and is comprised of eight interconnected rooms:

Entry Vestibule (double door entry)
Media Prep and Cleanup Room with two large, floor-standing steam sterilizers
Main Insect Handling Room, the largest room with two fume hoods and one clean-air bench
Agar Diet Prep and Insect Handling Room with steam kettle, diet dispensing pump, shelves, and one clean-air bench
Insect Holding Rooms (2) with independent temperature, humidity, and light controls
Storage Rooms (2)

***
* http://www.orc.msstate.edu/ibc/arthropod.php
* http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/153036603322163475

 

 

SPECIES LIST (Return to top of page) - Click on the Common Name of insect in the table below to view the rearing procedure for the particular species.

 

Species List – Parlier Insectary

 

U.S.D.A., A.R.S.

San Joaquin ValleyAgricultural SciencesCenter

9611 S. Riverbend Ave.

Parlier, CA 93648  

Name Code

Common Name

Scientific Name

Family

 

LEPIDOPTERA

 

 

 

 

NOW

Navel orangeworm

Amyelois transitella (Walker)

Pyralidae

IMM

Indianmeal moth

Plodia interpunctella (Hübner)

Pyralidae

AM

Almond moth

Cadra cautella (Walker)

Pyralidae

RM

Raisin moth

Cadra figulilella (Gregson)

Pyralidae

TM

Tobacco moth

Ephestia elutella (Hübner)

Pyralidae

GWM

Greater wax moth

Galleria mellonella (L.)

Pyralidae

PTB

Peach twig borer

Anarsia lineatella Zeller

Gelechiidae

CM

Codling moth

Cydia pomonella (L.)

Tortricidae

 

 

 

 

COLEOPTERA

 

 

 

 

MGB

Merchant grain beetle

Oryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel)

Silvanidae

SGB

Sawtoothed grain beetle

Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.)

Silvanidae

RFB

Red flour beetle

Tribolium castaneum (Herbst)

Tenebrionidae

CFB

Confused flour beetle

Tribolium confusum J. du Val

Tenebrionidae

CB

Cigarette beetle

Lasioderma serricorne (F.)

Anobiidae

DFB

Driedfruit beetle

Carpophilus hemipterus (L.)

Nitidulidae

WB

Warehouse beetle

Trogoderma variabile Ballion

Dermestidae

LGB

Lesser grain borer

Rhyzopertha dominica (F.)

Bostrichidae

CPW

Cowpea weevil

Callosobruchus maculates (F.)

Bruchidae

BW

Bean weevil

Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say)

Bruchidae

 

 

 

 

OTHER

 

 

 

 

(Limited)

Bean thrips

Caliothrips fasciatus (Pergande)

Thripidae

(Limited)

Black widow spider

(western)

Latrodectus hesperus

Chamberlin & Ivie

ARANAE

Theridiidae

 

 

DIETS LIST (Return to top of page) - Click on the Diet Name in the table below to view the recipe and procedure for the particular diet.

Meridic Diets List – Parlier Insectary

 

U.S.D.A., A.R.S.

San Joaquin ValleyAgricultural SciencesCenter

9611 S. Riverbend Ave.

Parlier, CA 93648

 

 

 

Diet Name

Primary Base Constituent

Species Supported/Reared

 

 

 

Bran diet

Wheat bran

Navel orangeworm, Indianmeal moth, almond moth, raisin moth, tobacco moth

 

 

CM agar diet

Lima beans, ground

Codling moth

 

 

 

PTB agar diet

Lima beans, whole

Peach twig borer

 

 

 

Rice bran

Rice bran

Red and confused flour beetles, cigarette beetle

 

 

 

Oats diet

Rolled oats

Merchant and sawtoothed grain beetles

 

 

 

Soil Substrate or

Sand Substrate 

Banana or fig on soil or sand

substrate

Dried fruit beetle

 

 

 

Dog food

Whole wheat flour and dog food

Warehouse beetle

 

 

 

Winter wheat diet

Hard red winter wheat

Lesser grain borer

 

 

 

Blackeye peas

Blackeye peas

Cowpea and bean weevils

 

 

BIOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS (Return to top of page)

Nondestructive Sex Determination of the Adult Stage of Cowpea Weevil, Callosobruchus maculates by J. Steven Tebbets


   
 

Last Modified: 8/30/2014
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