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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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The olive 


If you would like to submit a request for plant material, please visit our Products & Services page.


The olive is one of the most significant plants of the Mediterranean basin. It was the principle source for thousands of years of edible oil to the people of this region. The family Oleaceae genus Olea contains about 35 species distributed widely from Africa to New Zealand. We house three of these here. The olive tree that we know today probably originated as a hybrid swarm in the mountains of the eastern Mediterranean.


Click the link to be directed to GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) to view crop information on the Olive collection. To view a list of the Olea accessions, browse through the list of holdings at the Davis Repository on the GRIN website.




Questions about our olive collection can be directed to Jenny Smith


Links to non-federal olive related sites:


Desert Tropicals

 California Rare Fruit Growers

University of Georgia


Some information for this page was obtained from: Evolution of Crop Plants. N. W. Simmonds. Longman Group Limited. London and New York. 1976


 Crop Pages

Actinidia (kiwifruit)   Diospyros (persimmon)   Ficus (fig)    Juglans (walnut)   Olea (olives)   Morus (mulberry)   Pistacia (pistachio)   Prunus (peach, plum, apricot, cherry, almond, and related species)   Punica (pomegranate)   Vitis (grape) 


GRIN Accession Query


Last Modified: 10/17/2012
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