Of gainfully employed persons, 47.4 percent were engaged in agriculture. This
was the first time that farmers were a minority.
Foot-and-mouth disease first reported in the U.S.
Developed a middling purifier with a roller process for
grinding to produce superior flour.
First systematized, synchronous
meteorological report ever taken in the U.S. was read and transmitted by
Illinois Warehouse Act regulated grain elevators.
Patent for cotton stripper granted.
Burbank potato produced, followed by many improved vegetables, fruits, and
Grasshoppers became a serious pest in the West.
The Washington navel orange introduced into
California with trees secured from Brazil by USDA. (more)
Aberdeen-Angus bulls imported from Scotland.
Mennonites make first important introductions of wheat from Turkey into
Pressure cooker invented; patents first granted in 1902, but
not in general use until 1935.
Glidden barbed-wire patent granted.
Manufacture of oleomargarine began in the U.S.
Durra sorghum, known as Egyptian corn, introduced into
California from Egypt. (more)
Mechanical refrigeration invented.
First state agricultural experiment station established at Wesleyan University,
First commercial feed mill established.
Telephone patented by Alexander Graham Bell.
Germ theory of disease verified.
Charles Darwin wrote the first complete analysis and
description of hybrid vigor called Cross- and Self-Fertilization in the
Desert Land Act encouraged development of irrigation in arid lands; offered
land at 25 cents per acre if irrigated and cultivated for 3 years.
United States Entomological Commission established to study
British traders sent seed of the rubber tree (Hevea
brasiliensis) from Brazil to Malaya; began Asian dominance of rubber
Milking machine invented.
Sugar beets cultivated successfully in Maine under a system
of vertical integration.
An all-roller mill constructed in Philadelphia led the way
to more efficient, cheaper, and cleaner milling.
First successful beet sugar factory in the U.S. built in California.
Formalized veterinary education began at Iowa State College,
making it the oldest state veterinary college.