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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

1920-1929
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Celebrating Over 90 Years of scientific excellence in agricultural sciences and human nutrition


Photo: Azaleas in bloom, US National Arboretum, Washington, D.C. The U.S. National Arboretum is established in 1927 at New York Avenue and Bladensburg Road in Washington, DC.
Return to top of page Photo: Skeleton of cow Landmark studies are conducted, comparing the anatomy, skeletal structure, mammary gland and blood circulatory system of highly specialized dairy and beef cows. Both types are found to be very similar despite wide variations in external appearance.

The meat-type hog is developed, leading to today's leaner animal. At the same time, a system of producing pork with a minimum of feed and labor is also developed.
Return to top of page Photo: Worker with white leghorn chickens, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, 1930s High-laying strains of Rhode Island Red and Single-Comb White Leghorn chickens, which lay especially large and well shaped eggs, are developed. Researchers also determine the precise amount of feed needed to produce one dozen eggs, giving farmers better control of production costs.
Return to top of page Photo: Three women researchers testing portable ovens, Bureau of Home Economics, 1930s The Bureau of Home Economics is established in 1923 under the Division of Food and Nutrition. Various surveys are conducted to compare rural and urban living.
Return to top of page Photo: Walnut Grange plantation Additional land is acquired around the Walnut Grange plantation for dairy and animal husbandry research. By 1926, the original 475 acres is expanded to 1662 acres. By 1929, animal husbandry included 60 permanent buildings (offices, laboratories, residences, barns, storage buildings, garages, a mill, and work shops) and 160 small animal and poultry houses.
Return to top of page Photo: Mary Wallace Roses at Glendale Maryland Experiment, 1923 `Mary Wallace', the first shrub rose that is also multi-disease resistant, is released. This rose is named after the daughter of the Secretary of Agriculture, Henry Wallace In 1928, this rose is voted the most popular rose in the US.

Last Modified: 9/20/2013