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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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Each year, approximately 60 new patents are issued by the U.S. Patent Office for USDA inventions. The Office of Technology Transfer (OTT) transfers these inventions through licenses to the private sector for commercialization. Below are links to the new technologies that are available for licensing. 

 

Docket

Title

Description

Contact

 

197.13 NEW

 

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TERMINATING COVER CROPS USING VEHICLE-GENERATED HEAT

 

A system and method that uses vehicle-generated heat (which is currently wasted) to terminate cover crops. The cover crop termination system can be mounted on the front of a walk-behind tractor. As the tractor is propelled across a field of cover crops, heat from the vehicle’s exhaust is directed to a perforated manifold positioned adjacent to the cover crop so that the exhaust heat terminates the cover crop.

Potential Commercial Applications
-A means to terminate cover crops that is directed to smaller scale organic farming operations

Competitive Advantages
-Effectively managing cover crops without using synthetic herbicides

thomas.valco@ars.usda.gov     

joseph.lipovsky@ars.usda.gov

 

82.14   NEW

 

 

ACTIVE COULTER PLANTING SYSTEM

 

A no-till agricultural system that uses a walk-behind tractor for planting seeds. The system comprises of active coulters integrated into a planter apparatus that is connected to a walk-behind tractor. The active coulter blades cut and penetrate cover crop residue on a surface of a field so that seeds are planted in the soil below the surface crop residue.

Potential Commercial Applications
-Effective planting system for small farms to achieve no-till planting of cash and cover crops into residue cover

Competitive Advantages
-Novel planter design to plant seeds into soil with residue cover using small walk-behind tractor

thomas.valco@ars.usda.gov     

joseph.lipovsky@ars.usda.gov

 

 

288.12         NEW

 

 

COMPUTER VISION QUALIFIED INFRARED TEMPERATURE SENSOR

An integrated set of sensors, microprocessor, and devices with software that remotely measures surface temperature and simultaneously acquires an image for the purposes of qualifying the sensed temperature. The system can be used to aide in precision irrigation management of center pivot or lateral move irrigation systems by providing surface temperature data for use in irrigation scheduling algorithms and automatic irrigation. The system can also be used in greenhouse environments and in drip irrigated fields to help monitor plant abiotic (drought, chemical) and biotic stresses (disease, insect infestation).        

                                                                                                               Potential Commercial Applications
- Crop irrigation scheduling and automation
- Detection of crop nutrient deficiencies, pests, weeds, and diseases
- Crop yield forecasting


Competitive Advantages
- Can detect whether sensor sees plant or soil thus improving data quality immensely
- Greatly improved irrigation scheduling
- Much cheaper acquisition of data critical for real-time crop management
- Improved accuracy in crop yield forecasting
- Water conservation

bryan.kaphammer@ars.usda.gov

 

 


Last Modified: 5/5/2015
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